EU ministers rally support for 30% CO2 cuts
The majority of EU environment ministers lent their support on Friday (11 June) for deeper CO2 cuts later this year, with several, including France's Jean-Louis Borloo, speaking strongly in favour. Italy's minister, however, said the move was not backed by Rome.
To the disappointment of environmentalists, the ministers parked a European Commission paper analysing the options for increasing the EU's emissions reduction goal to 30% until October at the latest.
But they mandated the Commission to conduct further analysis of the costs at national level for discussion in the autumn.
Many ministers voiced strong support for moving swiftly on upgrading the EU's current target to cut emissions by 20% below 1990 levels by 2020, despite comments by French and German industry ministers last month that they would not support higher climate ambitions as long as the competitiveness of European industry was in danger (EurActiv 26/05/10).
"France believes work should be expedited to produce a detailed study of the possible options for embarking on a trajectory that would reach 30% as soon as possible," said French Environment Minister Jean-Louis Borloo in a statement.
Europe says it will only move to 30% if other industrialised countries make similar commitments. Unveiling the analysis last month, Connie Hedegaard, European commissioner for climate action, stressed that the conditions were not yet right for a unilateral move (EurActiv 27/05/10).
Borloo, however, argued that the required conditions had by and large already been satisfied.
"We believe a move to 30% is achievable, right for the climate and right for our economies as Europe focuses on a sustainable economic recovery," said British Energy and Climate Secretary Chris Huhne.
But Italy's Environment Minister Stefania Prestigiacomo said the talks between the environment ministers did not reflect views in national capitals, according to reports.
Hedegaard insisted that the ministers were unlikely to "speak out of the blue" and represented their governments.
The issue, however, is likely to remain highly divisive, as Eastern European states in particular argue that they cannot afford to take on greater commitments to cut their emissions in times of recession.
The EU has pledged to cut its global-warming emissions by 20% from 1990 levels by 2020 and to increase its target to 30% if other countries make comparable commitments as part of global negotiations over a new climate treaty.
On 26 May 2010, the European Commission presented a communication analysing the options for increasing the target. It concluded that the recession has brought down the cost of reducing emissions significantly, and meeting a 30% target would cost just €11bn more than the estimate for 20% envisaged two years ago.
WWF regretted that the environment ministers did not stress the value of a more ambitious target in complying with the EU's climate goals and raising billions for clean energy investment by "rescuing the ailing EU emissions trading scheme".
"WWF now looks to next week's EU summit not only to endorse but to strengthen the wording of today's conclusions, showing they understand the benefits of moving Europe towards a green economy," said Jason Anderson, head of EU climate and energy policy at WWF.
Friends of the Earth Europe warned that the EU's move to shelve the report represented a "dangerous loss of direction".
"Delaying the increase in emission reduction targets until October means playing a waiting game that nobody can win. Making a move to higher targets is the chance to start thinking about the benefits of green innovation rather than the dangers of change," said Brook Riley, climate justice and energy campaigner at Friends of the Earth Europe.