- EU air quality: a dirty secret?
Each year, nearly 400,000 citizens die from air pollution in the EU, according to the Swedish NGO Secretariat on Acid Rain. Moreover, the European Respiratory Society (ERS) has criticised existing and planned EU policy, labelling it a "mismatch" with scientific evidence on air quality.
But MEPs remain divided over how much and how quickly the EU should improve its air quality.
Green and Socialist MEPs are calling for a binding target to be introduced by 2015, setting fine particulate matter 2.5 (PM2.5) at 15 micrograms (µg) per cubic metre (m3). The Council has called for it to be 25µg/m3, while rapporteur Krahmer is proposing a compromise of 20 micrograms, arguing that a lower threshold cannot be expected given Europe's high population density. Krahmer also wants to give member states more time to meet targets.
The US has a standard of 15µg/m3, a level endorsed by the World Health Organisation (WHO).
MEPs did agree, however, that the Commission should introduce stricter pollution controls on heavy vehicles (euro6 - see EurActiv 17/07/07).
- Soil turmoil
On 11 September, the Parliament's Legal Affairs Committee voted on an opinion in support of a proposal by the European People's Party (EPP) to reject the Commission's proposal outright. According to a spokesperson for the EPP, the move was designed to send a message to the Commission that member states should be given a great deal of flexibility in dealing with soil degradation on their territory.
The spokesperson acknowledged that the Commission is unlikely to withdraw its proposal.
Discussions in the Environment Committee, which took place on the same day, also revealed significant doubts among MEPs about the Commission's text. Dutch MEP Hans Blokland argued that there should be "no rush to legislate" and that member states need more time to develop better soil management techniques before being able to properly implement EU rules.
The Portuguese Presidency has stated its intention to ensure that a political agreement on the soil text is reached before the end of the year.