The White Paper on Transport is facing a wave of criticism from industry federations and NGO's over pricing and sustainability. The European employers' association UNICE believes that a disproportionate part of the White Paper is dealing with the influence of price on transport. The European Federation for Transport and Environment finds that the White Paper fails to fully address demands for sustainability.

The main objectives of the Commission's proposed White Paper on transport are:

  • shifting the balance between modes of transport by 2010 by revitalising railways and promoting maritime and inland waterway transport;
  • having taxation systems reflect the true costs of transport, including external costs such as environmental damage, congestion, or human accidents;
  • making transport systems more efficient and safer.