Belgrade is feeling the heat over allegations that its nationals are abusing the EU's generous asylum system.
The interior ministers of Belgium, Luxembourg, Germany, Austria, France and the Netherlands wrote a letter to the European Commission complaining about fake asylum-seekers with Serbian passports seeking to enter their territory.
They asked for a safeguard clause to be put in place allowing them to reintroduce visas for Western Balkan nationals who abuse asylum.
The issue is expected to be discussed at the 25-26 October Justice and Home Affairs Council.
Economic migrants are not asylum seekers, EU says
Michele Cercone, spokesperson to EU Home Affairs Commissioner Cecilia Malmström, called the situation “extremely worrying”. He was categorical that the people applying for asylum from the Western Balkan countries were economic migrants, not asylum-seekers.
“The problem is that, according to the rules that we have in the EU, any person who files an asylum request has to see his case assessed at various levels and at various degrees,” Cercone said. He added that the abusive requests also created a backlog and blocked genuine asylum applications in many EU countries.
The EU lifted visa requirements for the national of Western Balkan countries, except Kosovo (see background), in 2009. Since then, several EU countries have seen waves of asylum applicants at their borders, mainly ethnic Roma and Albanians.
These people are often referred to as “fake asylum-seekers”, as they are perfectly aware that they will not be granted asylum but they nevertheless take advantage of the assessment period for their applications, during which they are provided with free accommodation and some pocket money.
Paying the bill
Serbian Prime Minister Ivica Dačić said in Belgrade that the possible abolition of the free-travel regime for Serbians would punish citizens who had nothing to do with the fake asylum applications.
"Should certain countries dare make such a move, I think that it would seriously affect ties between Serbia and the EU," Dačić said, adding Belgrade stood ready to pay the extra costs incurred by Serbians who fraudulently apply for asylum.
"This is about less than 10,000 asylum-seekers in all of Europe. We will pay the costs for those 10,000, because that would be less damaging than the [re-introduction] of visas," Dačić said, quoted by the B-92 news website.
German Interior Minister Hans-Peter Friedrich told the daily Bild that Berlin would advocate re-introducing visas for Serbia and Macedonia because of the dramatic number of asylum-seekers coming from these countries. According to the German Interior Ministry, 1,395 Serbian citizens and 1,040 Macedonians had applied for asylum in September alone.
Dačić stressed that the issue could not disappear overnight since the motivation was chiefly economic. He also said that forcing Roma and ethnic Albanians, who account for 90% of asylum-seekers, out of the buses at the Serbian border would be a violation of their human and minority rights.
The prime minister also said that the Serbian authorities had requested a list of people who had left the country to seek asylum in the EU. He told reporters that "everything will be done so that the visa liberalisation is not abolished", and that this will be a subject during his talks with EU officials.
A working group set up to deal with the fake asylum-seekers issue is scheduled to meet on Tuesday (16 October) or Wednesday, he announced.