EU not seen matching US threat of sanctions against Russia

  

The European Union is unlikely to match the United States in threatening sanctions against Russia when its foreign ministers meet to discuss Ukraine on Monday (3 March), instead pushing for mediation between Moscow and Kiev, officials say.

EU leaders condemn Russia's invasion of Crimea, suspend G8 Sochi summit preparations

The emergency talks, convened after Russian President Vladimir Putin secured parliamentary approval on Saturday to invade Ukraine, are expected to result in a strongly worded statement of condemnation, but no immediate punitive measures.

That will leave the EU a step behind the United States, with U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry threatening visa bans, asset freezes and trade restrictions against Russia on Sunday, following the seizure of the Ukrainian peninsula of Crimea.

"American businesses may well want to start thinking twice about whether they want to do business with a country that behaves like this," Kerry said, describing Russia's actions as something out of the 19th century.

For their part, European governments will take a more cautious approach, diplomats said, with any prospect of sanctions against Russia unlikely to be spelled out directly.

Instead, several EU member states will urge international mediation between Russia and Ukraine, possibly through Europe's democracy watchdog, the Organisation for Security and Cooperation in Europe, or via the United Nations.

Germany, France, Britain, the Netherlands and Finland are among those favouring mediation and efforts to calm the crisis, diplomats indicated. German Chancellor Angela Merkel spoke to Putin by phone on Sunday evening and proposed a "fact-finding" mission to start a political dialogue. A German government spokesman said Putin had accepted the idea.

Finland, which shares a border with Russia, said EU leaders or the OSCE could play a role in "seeking solutions and carrying them out, especially in protecting the rights of minorities".

The seizure of Crimea has created the greatest moment of tension between Russia and the West since the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991, an event Putin has described as the worst geopolitical catastrophe of the 20th century.

Speaking to Merkel by phone on Sunday, U.S. President Barack Obama underscored the "complete illegitimacy" of Russia's action in Crimea. A senior U.S. official said Obama would make the same point to the leaders of Britain and Poland.

But many Europeans are concerned about pushing Putin too far, mindful of their deep economic links with Russia, including a heavy dependence on Moscow's gas and oil exports. There is also concern about the time and legal hurdles sanctions require.

Moscow has said it is merely protecting the lives of Russian-speaking nationals, and appears to be calculating that the West cannot afford to risk a wider conflagration by taking anything approaching military action.

Colder relations

Russia is the EU's most important trading partner after the United States and China, with  €123 billion of goods exported there in 2012. It is also the EU's most important single supplier of energy products, accounting for more than a quarter of all EU consumption of oil and gas.

Relations between Brussels and Moscow have deteriorated over the last year, with EU governments expressing anger over Moscow's pressure on former Soviet republics hoping to forge closer economic ties with Europe, including Ukraine.

Tensions reached new heights when Moscow persuaded Ukrainian President Viktor Yanukovich to reject a trade deal with the EU in November, a decision that sparked three months of mass protests that led directly to his overthrow.

One decision that could be agreed by EU foreign ministers is asset freezes against Ukrainians accused of misappropriating public funds, similar to measures taken by Austria, Switzerland and Lichtenstein last week.

Austria announced on Saturday that it was blocking the bank accounts of Yanukovich and 17 others, following a request by Ukraine's new authorities. Ukraine's new leaders have accused Yanukovich of embezzling as much as $37 billion in three years.

"One option we still have open is asset freezes against Ukranians," said an EU diplomat. "To make sure money doesn't disappear over time. This may be a track that can be explored by all of us."

Positions: 

Kostyantyn Yelisieiev, the representative of Ukraine to the EU, says he hopes that the EU will limit itself to political calls and slogans but will demonstrate a determined reaction to unlawful actions by the Russian Federation. Russia should clearly understand the consequences of violation of international law, he said.

if Russia continues to resort to illegal actions on Ukrainian territory, ignoring the position of the whole international community, Brussels should take the concrete measures of political, economic and humanitarian pressure on the country, he added.

Timeline: 
  • 3 March 2014: EU foreign ministers will hold an emergency Foreign Affairs Council on the situation in Ukraine
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Comments

Don Latuske's picture

Well, the EU has kept peace in Europe for the last 50 years, or so they say. I'm looking forward to the EU institutions and numerous presidents all massing together to frighten the crap out of Putin and get him to withdraw from the Crimea although I won't holdmy breath. The EU will just prove the lie that they have kept the peace historically when the world knows that it has been NATO.

jubus's picture

Americans had right saying the "F word" about EU.

tony a's picture

Don your right it's NATO who has has kept the peace in Europe. So far the EU in its short existence has managed to destabilize the whole region not unite it.

An American's picture

I think EurActiv needs to update it's information because the FM's of the EU are all unanimously in their opinion pushing for sanctions if Russia does not leave Crimea.

The Russians have given the Crimean Ukrainian navy an ultimatum to either surrender by five pm or face an attack. In that view, I don't think the Russian are taking the EU seriously.

Barry Davies's picture

If Barosso hadn't thrown his dolly out of the Pam when the elected President of the Ukraine ended talks to be subsumed by the eussr, then the coup d'etat of the kiev group would not have taken place. Always said that Nobel Prize was a crock.

United Alliance's picture

@ jubus - Posted on :03/03/2014

Americains have never said thus but apparently was that foreign Sex diplomat called Victoria Nuland who said want to f*ck the whole European Union !And Geoffrey Pyatt which is her journey sleeper comrade has agreed her in saying "exactly" .

Today Obama of the American federation is far more stronger to push elite sanctions against Russia to promote merely a war game than the slow defenseless Eussr ! In contrary what an American tries to spoke here !
But the Eussr has right not to be that ready on those American quickies like Nuland's pure porn!

Some commentator are obviously a promoter of an American " War Nobel Prize " included some uckiper forces ...

An American's picture

Former defense secretary, Robert Gates gave some advice to President Obama:

Putin put himself in a position where we need him in terms of the Syrian chemical (weapons) deal, we need him in terms of the Iranian nuclear program, and We need the Russians in terms of getting our (military) equipment out of Afghanistan.

What the hell do we need Ukraine for?

Barry Davies's picture

The Crimea was part of Russia before it was handed to the Ukraine, as was a large part of Ukraines eastern border, hence the large amounts of Russian speakers in the area, so a break top of the current area could be the best way to proceed, the UN needs to get involved not other bodies such as the eussr who were complicit, via the unelected barosso in creating a large part of the problem in the first place, or NATO.