The latest developments in Ukraine appear as an affront to the EU, as Ashton had come to Kyiv to agree a roadmap with Yanukovich and opposition leaders leading to the signature of the EU-Ukraine Association Agreement some time next spring.
US assistant secretary of state Victoria Nuland had also come to Kyiv in an effort to prevent Ukraine from joining Russia’s Customs Union.
Ashton visited Kyiv's central square, the Maidan, yesterday (10 December), which has been occupied by protestors for the last ten days, since Yanukovich made a geopolitical U-turn towards Russia. She was received “as a rock star” according to citizens on Twitter. She also met with Yanukovich for a three-and-a-half hour long discussion.
But as soon as Ashton had her back turned, riot police entered Maidan, tearing down barricades erected by the protesters. Clashes broke out as police tried to detain some of the protesters. On one of the main streets leading into the square, a large group of protesters in hard hats, appointed to protect the demonstrators, held back a separate unit of riot police.
The Ukrainian news agency Unian wrote that the Ministry of Interior had dubbed the operation “amenities of territory”, as it was reportedly aimed at “lifting obstacles for citizens who live or work in the capital”.
According to a statement by the ministry, special forces “made no use of tear gas or other special means with respect to protestors”.
At 5 a.m. CET Ashton tweeted through her spokesperson’s account that “the authorities did not need to act under the coverage of night to engage with society by using force”.
Unian published a gallery of photos and videos showing special forces using tidal wave tactics to dash the protestors' ranks.
According to Reuters, clashes broke out between the protesters' security guards and the police as they tried to make arrests. The Interfax news agency said some people had been hurt but it could not give an exact tally.
EU has doubts
Linas Linkevičius, the foreign minister of Lithuania, the country holding the rotating EU presidency, made a statement indicating that EU’s patience with Yanukovich was running short.
“Tonight’s events in the Independence Square in Kiev have shown the conscious choice that the Ukrainian authorities appear to have taken against the European path, the choice which is opposite to what the President of Ukraine has been saying publicly,” Linkevičius said.
The Lithuanian minister repeated EU calls to the Ukrainian authorities to stop any violent actions and provocations immediately, investigate all cases of violence and to punish those responsible.
Reportedly, students who have been badly beaten have mysteriously disappeared, and some protestors have been detained. Also, some media and the political party Batkivschchyna (Fatherland) of former Prime Minister Yulia Tymoshenko have been raided. “The Ukrainian authorities have over a short period of time, especially over this night, lost a lot of credibility. Only by taking the immediate steps to abide by the European values can they start a long way towards reestablishing trust,” Linkevičius said.
Speaking on television yesterday, Yanukovich showed no indication of giving in to protesters' demands for the dismissal of his government. He defended his policy shift back to Russia, saying that Ukraine had no choice but to restore close trade relations with Moscow.
"We cannot talk about the future without talking about restoring trade relations with Russia," Yanukovich said in televised comments. He added he was also committed to European integration - wording he has often used since his government turned its back on a trade pact with the EU on 21 November.
Swedish Foreign Minister Carl Bildt tweeted this morning: “Eurasia versus Europe in streets of Kyiv tonight. Repression versus reform. Power versus people.”
Kerry expresses ‘disgust’
US State Secretary John Kerry published a statement on the events in Ukraine yesterday night. “The United States expresses its disgust with the decision of Ukrainian authorities to meet the peaceful protest in Kyiv’s Maidan Square with riot police, bulldozers, and batons, rather than with respect for democratic rights and human dignity. This response is neither acceptable nor does it befit a democracy,” Kerry stated.
The US State Secretary calls for “utmost restraint” and warns that the Ukrainian authorities “bear full responsibility for the security of the Ukrainian people”.
“As church bells ring tonight amidst the smoke in the streets of Kyiv, the United States stands with the people of Ukraine. They deserve better,” Kerry said.
Ukrainian citizens wrote on Twitter that the bells of Kyiv's churches were ringing, “like during attacks on the city in the Middle Ages”.
Ukrainian commentators blamed the opposition for not being courageous enough to inspire a real revolution. Many consider that the Ukrainian revolution had died before it was born.