The American world turned upside down
Despite Anglo-French activism in Libya, the European Union's divisions on interventionism mean that the bloc is no substitute for the United States' continued engagement with the world, argues author and expert on international relations Dominique Moïsi.
The following contribution was written by Dominique Moïsi, professor at the College of Europe and Harvard, adviser to the French Institute of International Relations (IFRI) and author of 'The Geopolitics of Emotion'.
"From Washington, the enthusiasm of the French for intervention in Libya is seen with a mixture of relief and puzzlement. The Americans do not want the job and are happy that someone else does. Indeed, President Nicolas Sarkozy's willingness to intervene (alongside British Prime Minister David Cameron) helped close a dangerous gap between the world of 'values', which would call for direct American intervention against Muammar Gaddafi, and the world of 'interest', which impelled President Barack Obama to restraint.
America's strategy seems to be to squeeze Gaddafi’s regime out of power through a combination of financial, economic, and even 'psychological' pressure aimed at isolating the Colonel from his sources of support within his own inner circle. That is a wise approach, one that may ultimately work. But it will likely take a lot of time to produce results.
While Americans are relieved by France's display of determination, they cannot refrain from expressing a sense of bemusement: Do the French really know what they are up against? What has happened to them? We know what war means, but they seem to have forgotten!
Indeed, France and the United States seem to have switched roles from just a few years ago. Listening to Obama's reflexive and distant speeches on Libya, one can nearly hear French Foreign Minister Dominique de Villepin's flamboyant intervention at the United Nations on the eve of the invasion of Iraq in 2003.
And, though the circumstances and the 'legal' environment are very different – there is a UN resolution for the Libya intervention, and a vague declaration of support by the Arab League – Sarkozy's stance reminds some of George W. Bush's enthusiasm for war.
The British, too, seem to be regarding the French with some perplexity. Even though they are fighting side-by-side in Libya, with their armies expressing a deep confidence in each other, there are distinct nuances in each country's position on military intervention. The view from London contains the same element of 'distance' – if not slight apprehension – found in the view from Washington.
To explain this difference in perspective, perhaps one should venture further into the past than the Iraq War and consider the divergence that already existed traditionally between the United Kingdom's pragmatic approach to its imperial role and the French Empire's missionary zeal. A duty to accumulate wealth catalysed the former; a duty to civilise inspired the latter."
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(Published in partnership with Project Syndicate.)