EU leaders losing 'propaganda war', says diplomat

Putin supporters. Moscow, 2014. [Shutterstock]

In the wake of the Ukraine crisis, European leaders meeting today (20 March) in Brussels will likely limit themselves to adding a few names on the sanctions blacklist and possibly cancelling the June EU-Russia summit, diplomats said, with one slamming the West for losing the 'propaganda war' over Crimea.

Speaking to a small number of journalists, the ambassador of an EU country said EU leaders were keeping their “ammunition” to impose sanctions on Moscow, should Russia take aim at Eastern Ukraine, which in his words conveyed the message that the EU has accepted that “Crimea is gone”.

The diplomat recalled his personal experience to illustrate the fact that with the annexation of Crimea, EU-Russia relations are returning to something similar to the Cold War.

He said that if someone had told him ten years ago that a decade later, the EU would be facing such a situation in Europe, he would not have believed it.

“We look, as the Western world, very weak. The problem is that we, as Western democracies, are facing a completely different system of governance under Putin,” the diplomat said, referring to the return to autocracy which has been growing in Russia since the reelection of Vladimir Putin as President, in May 2012.

The diplomat argued that for EU countries, implementing a visa ban, or an asset freeze, was “a difficult operation” because those countries had “normal constituencies” and could not “summon” their parliaments the way Putin was doing.

The diplomat said that he had wrongly thought that Crimea would become the 84th member of the Russian Federation, in three or four weeks after the 16 March referendum, which the EU said was “illegal”.

On Tuesday, Putin signed a treaty in Moscow, making Crimea part of Russia again, six decades after Nikita Khrushchev gave the peninsula to Ukraine, in 1954.

“He [Putin] made it [an 84th member] this week. We are dealing with a completely different system of governance”, the diplomat exclaimed. The official added that two days ago, he had been watching a talk show on German TV with a representative of a Russian television station, based in Berlin, who was one of the participants.

“It’s incredible how he was arguing. We are short of this machinery. So far we are losing this propaganda war”, the diplomat said.

Stage three of sanctions?

Asked what should be expected from the summit, the diplomat said he didn’t believe that EU leaders would make the decision to move to stage three of the sanctions, as decided at their extraordinary summit, held on 6 March.

The biggest challenge at the summit, the diplomat said, was that the EU needed to remain credible, by delivering on the decisions taken at the previous 6 March summit. Those in fact had appeared more courageous than previously expected.

According to the 6 March decisions, the first stage of sanctions was a suspension of EU-Russia talks on visa liberalisation, and on a new basic bilateral agreement. The second stage took place after the Crimea referendum, when EU foreign ministers agreed on 17 March to impose visa restrictions and asset freezes on 21 Russian and Ukrainian officials for their roles in the events leading to referendum which paved the way for Russia's annexation of Crimea. The list includes three Russian military commanders in Crimea, and districts bordering on Ukraine. [see list on page 12-13 of the EU Official Journal].

Stage three consists of economic sanctions, although little detail is provided in the remarks by Council President Herman Van Rompuy which replaced the usual summit conclusions. The Russian parliament has been preparing legislation to confiscate Western property in the case of more severe Western sanctions.

The diplomat said EU leaders would most certainly discuss “the trigger” for stage three. He expected that leaders would decide to stay on stage two, and perhaps add more names to the list of persons under sanction. The trigger for stage three could be “the destabilisation of Eastern Ukraine”, he said, adding that this was his personal opinion.

“We are in stage two. It seems so, as we accepted that Crimea has gone. I know it, it’s reality”, the diplomat said. He added:

“We cannot expend all our ammunition now, by rushing to economic sanction right now. What kind of leverage would we have if the Russians start operations in Eastern Ukraine”, he asked, rhetorically.

… or adding names to the list

Other diplomats said that officially, the EU would never accept that Crimea is part of Russia. But they also said that the most realistic outcome of the summit would be to have more names added to the list of persons subject to sanctions.

So far two categories are on the list – parliamentarians and military commanders. Two other categories would be the presidential administration and the Russian media. One name that is reportedly been mentioned Dmitry Kiselyov, head of Rossiya Segodnya, the Russian state news agency, who recently said on his Vesti Nedeli (News of the Week) program that Russia could turn the US into radioactive ash.

But diplomats explained that adding names was not an easy exercise, because the EU had to make sure that any case could be defendable in court. According to information obtained by EurActiv, several Ukrainian officials on the EU sanction list, including former Prime Minister Mykola Azarov, have hired Western lawyers to claim that their addition to the list was unlawful.

Another likely decision of the summit would be that the EU-Russia summit in June would be cancelled, diplomats said.

The Ukrainian ambassador to the EU, Kostiantyn Yelisieiev, told EurActiv in an exclusive interview, that the sanctions taken so far by the EU were “a mosquito bite” for Putin. He advised that the best thing the EU could do is to prove its unity and firmness vis-à-vis Russia. [Read the full text of the interview here.]

EU leaders will discuss the Ukraine crisis over dinner. A diplomat told EurActiv he expected that this would be a very long night.


Finland's EU and Trade Minister Alexander Stubb said today (20 March) said he did not believe EU leaders would decide on stricter financial sanctions against Russia at their two-day summit this week.

European Union leaders hold critical talks about their next step in how to respond to Russia's seizure of Crimea in Ukraine.

"I don't believe that any so called traditional financial sanctions would be used at this stage. I think those will not be decided today or tomorrow," Stubb said in an interview with broadcaster MTV, quoted by Reuters.

He added said it seemed likely the meeting will discuss adding more Russians to the travel-ban list, as well as banning gun exports.

  • 20-21 March: EU leaders hold regular Spring Summit in Brussels, Ukraineto sign political chapters of EU Association Agreement;
  • 21 March: Truce agreed by Ukrainian and Russian defence ministers on Ukraine forces in Crimea expires;
  • 24-25 March: Nuclear security summit in the Hague. G7 leaders to meet in the fringes of the summit. 


J.Sida's picture

No wonder Putin and his thuggish cronies despise the West with its feeble and hypocritical response to the Ukraine crisis.
I am absolutely against what Putin - I stress Putin and not the Russian people - are doing but he at least puts his money where his mouth is.
Meanwhile the West is paying the price of doing deals with the devil,putting economics before human rights.

old fart's picture

If this is not a wake up cal...nothing is....

can we ask Mr Putin to be our next prime minister....
To have a real man at the helm is assurring...not like the
Eton lads with a voice of angels...and whimps

dpb's picture

The media war is indeed, hotting up. RT gives its own view of the truth. The west gives another. The truth is somewhere in the middle though it has to be said the EU/US partnership was always going to be on a hiding to nothing.
Having established a new government in Kiev, they are now having to see the results of replacing one gang of thugs with another. The last government took extreme actions against any who dared criticise it. Let's see how the new gang behave.
The Nobel peace prize winners have every reason to feel uncomfortable.

Barry Davies's picture

Putin must be wetting himself laughing at the political pygmies who make up the commission posturing as if they have any idea, because it was them that created most of the problem when Ukraine pulled out of the "accession", what a pompous word for annexation, talks.

Had they just accepted it that a nation had seen sense it would not have got to this situation, they then compounded their stupidity by accepting an illegitimate bunch as being the government of Ukraine. Well we will see who wins a sanctions war, but my money is on Russia.

No nation is likely to seriously consider military action against Russia, so they need to actually start to do some real democracy, which by definition means no Ashton or barrosso anywhere near the situation.

an european's picture

About Governance ..hmm Yes !

Here is the difference
Russia has a President which takes firmly decisions fast and clear!

The E.U. has no President !
It consists of incapables head of States Leaders who are pussyfooting about yes or no what where down up and count up !
With no capabilities to take cogen decisions unlike Putin !
The lack of a united defense makes Europe an open door for Russia !So basically Europe is a threatened suicide hazardious.
Putin could in theorie litteraly invade Europe by surprise if he really knows how weak countries are !

We have an unusable Leader's of states Institutions !
We have an unsuable military system!

As Tony Blair said Europe needs a President from 5.000.000 Europeans elected !

It's surely their interests than citizens..however ..

It's a Europe à la carte as à la casse at same time...