The Cabinet Office released a long-awaited public consultation on the proposed register last week (20 January), describing the initiative as an "important step towards making politics more transparent."
Mark Harper, the Conservatives’ minister for political and constitutional reform, launched the 12-week consultation, inviting views on how the register should work.
The consultation, which ends on 13 April, seeks views on issues including the definition of a lobbyist; who should be required to register; what information should be collected about them and the companies for which they lobby; and how the register should be funded.
But groups including the Alliance for Lobbying Transparency have hit out at the published plans as lacking breadth and depth, and accused the government of wanting to leave the public "in the dark" over who is trying to influence policy.
The UK initiative comes after years of debate in Brussels over an EU transparency register, which went online last year.
As in Europe, one of the key issues under discussion in the UK consultation paper relates to financial disclosure.
The EU register requires lobbying organisations or individuals to declare sources of income in bands €50,000. But the UK consultation document suggests much smaller amounts, €6,000 (£5,000). The door remains open to changing the brackets though, with interested parties invited to comment on whether these amounts are appropriate or whether they would place "an undue burden" on applicants.
Britain’s Conservative-Lib Dem coalition government committed to introducing a statutory register of lobbyists in the wake of the general election in May 2010. In its Programme for Government, published in May 2010, it said it would "regulate lobbying through introducing a statutory register of lobbyists and ensuring greater transparency".
In the run-up to the 2010 general election, Prime Minister David Cameron had also described lobbying as “the next big scandal waiting to happen.”
But various recent scandals have increased the pressure on the government to speed up the register’s implementation. Those scandals included the controversy over the access to high-level meetings granted by then-defence secretary Liam Fox to his friend and advisor Adam Werritty (October 2011), and one of Britain’s best-known lobbying companies - Bell Pottinger - being secretly recorded boasting about its access to the heart of government (December 2011).
The Cabinet Office’s publication of the consultation on the register was delayed during 2011 as officials repeatedly said that the document would see the light of day "within weeks".
At the moment the UK only has voluntary registers for lobbyists, for example, those operated by the Association of Professional Political Consultants (APPC) and the Public Relations Consultants Association (PRCA).
Efforts by these organisations – and a third, the Chartered Institute of Public Relations (CIPR) – to combine their registers into a single one overseen by the country’s fledgling UK Public Affairs Council (UKPAC) have hit problems.
The PRCA last December pulled out of UKPAC in what it said was its frustration at its failure to operate a functioning register.