Belgium, Cyprus, Malta and Poland – the other countries that were at risk of not meeting deadlines to correct their excessive deficits for 2011 and 2012 – have all taken sufficient action to bring their deficits into line, Rehn said.
No effective action had been taken in Hungary to bring its deficit below 3% of GDP, Rehn said.
Cohesion fund threat by 2013
Hailing the so-called 'six-pack' of EU fiscal rules as having given the Commission “teeth to act”, Rehn said that he could recommend that Hungary’s cohesion funds be frozen in 2013 if the country failed to make progress on its deficit.
The move came as the Commission simultaneously made a statement in relation to Hungary’s controversial changes to its constitution and basic laws, which legal experts in the EU executive are still picking over.
“As guardian of the Treaties, the Commission remains preoccupied that a number of the new provisions may violate EU law,” the statement says.
Without “prejudging the final outcome of its analysis”, the Commission reiterated its commitment “to fully use all its powers to analyse the compatibility of national law with EU law and reserves the right to take any steps that it deems appropriate, namely the possibility of launching infringement procedures pursuant to Article 258 of the Treaty.”
Constitution remains an issue
The main concerns relate to the independence of the Hungarian central bank, measures concerning the appointment of judges and rules affecting the independence of news media.
Commission lawyers will finalise their analysis in the next few days.
A Hungarian government source told EurActiv that the Commission should be mollified by a recent letter in support of the judicial measures signed by almost half of the Hungarian senior judiciary.
The source said that Hungary would seek to give assurances on the independence of the central bank, which it hoped would clear the way for it to continue talks with the International Monetary Fund and Commission for much-needed financial assistance.
The Commission put the talks on ice whilst it considers the legality of the new Hungarian constitution, which took effect at the beginning of the year.