Monsanto said on Wednesday (17 July) it would withdraw all pending approval requests to grow new types of genetically modified crops in the European Union, due to the lack of commercial prospects for cultivation there.
"We will be withdrawing the approvals in the coming months," Monsanto's President and Managing Director for Europe, Jose Manuel Madero, told Reuters by telephone.
Madero said the decision would allow the company to focus on growing its conventional seeds business in Europe, as well as securing EU approvals to import its genetically modified crop varieties widely grown in the United States and South America.
The decision covered five EU approval requests to grow genetically modified maize, plus one soybean and one sugar beet. The company said it would not withdraw its application to renew the approval for its insect-resistant MON810 maize – the only GMO crop currently cultivated commercially in Europe.
A spokesman for the European Commission, which manages the EU's GMO approval system, confirmed that Monsanto had informed it of its intention to withdraw the applications.
The move reflects the frustration felt by many biotech companies towards the EU's approval system for GMOs. Decisions routinely face years of delays, and only three varieties have ever been given the green light for cultivation.
While Monsanto's MON810 maize has been approved for cultivation throughout the EU, several countries including France, Germany and most recently Italy have imposed national bans, driven by strong public opposition to the technology.
Last year, German biotech producer BASF halted the development of genetically modified crops in Europe and moved all of its European GMO research operations to the United States.
Despite public hostility to genetically modified foods, Europe is one of the world's major buyers of biotech grain, importing more than 30 million tonnes of mostly GM animal feed each year for its livestock industry.
The European Commission proposed allowing national cultivation bans for GMOs in July 2010, in a bid to break a deadlock in EU GM crop approvals which has seen few varieties approved for cultivation in more than 12 years.
The proposal, however, has been subject to bitter divisions in the Council since then, with recent attempts to find a compromise agreement making little headway.
To date, seven EU countries have introduced national "safeguard" bans on growing Monsanto's MON 810 insect-resistant maize: Austria, Bulgaria, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary and Luxembourg.
On 2 January 2013, Poland's government announced restrictions on MON 810 and the Amflora potato, produced by German biotech firm BASF.
A year earlier, BASF's Plant Science announced that it was moving its plant biotech research activities from Germany to the United States and would cease all work to develop GM crops for the EU market.
- European Commission: Evaluation of the EU legislative framework in the field of GM food and feed
Business and industry
- Monsanto: Homepage
- EuropaBio: Homepage
- International Service for the Acquisition of Agri-Biotech Applications: Global Status of Commercialized Biotech/GM Crops
- GM Freeze: Unlicensed GM wheat contaminates US farm
International governments and organisations
- US Department of Agriculture: Biotechnology Regulatory Services (factsheet)
- United Nations: Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety
- United Nations: FAO Statistical Yearbook 2012 (see Part 4 on GM crops)
- Reuters: US farmer lawsuit filed against Monsanto over GMO wheat
EURACTIV Slovakia: Monsanto upúš?a od GMO plánov v Európe
EURACTIV Turkey: Monsanto, AB'deki GDO ba?vurular?n? geri çekiyor
EURACTIV Poland: Koncern wycofuje wnioski o pozwolenia na upraw? GMO w UE