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05/12/2016

EU resumes direct aid to Zimbabwe after a decade of sanctions

Development Policy

EU resumes direct aid to Zimbabwe after a decade of sanctions

Robert Mugabe

The European Union has given Zimbabwe €234 million, it said on Monday (16 February), the first time the bloc has given financial aid to the southern African nation’s government since imposing sanctions in 2002.

The 28-nation EU has gradually eased biting sanctions on Zimbabwe to encourage political reform, with a first move last year to suspend sanctions on eight powerful military and political figures.

>> Read: EU paves way for resuming direct aid to Zimbabwe

However, the EU has kept an asset freeze and a travel ban on veteran President Robert Mugabe and his wife Grace, as well as an arms embargo.

Since imposing the sanctions, the EU has shunned the government, and restricted its funding to charities only.

The EU ambassador to Zimbabwe Philippe Van Damme said during a signing ceremony that the agreement opened a new chapter in the bloc’s relationship with Zimbabwe, but cautioned that new problems could still emerge in future.

“Does this mean that everything is suddenly sorted out and that we are entering a new honeymoon? No, we have cleared some obstacles in our partnership, and as in any partnership new problems may emerge, old problems may reappear,” he said.

Mugabe’s ZANU-PF party has long demanded the complete removal of EU sanctions it denounces as illegal.

Finance Minister Finance Patrick Chinamasa said the aid marked a significant step towards improving ties between Zimbabwe and the EU but that sanctions on Mugabe and his wife would hurt full normalisation of relations.

“As long as the chief executive (Mugabe) remains under sanctions, our relations remain poisoned and unproductive,” Chinamasa said.

The EU said the funds will improve health, agriculture-based economic development, governance and institution-building.

Half of the money would be released this year, and the rest will be paid gradually until 2020, Van Damme said.

Background

The European Union expressed "serious concerns" after Robert Mugabe was re-elected president of Zimbabwe in August 2013.

Mugabe has occupied the position since 1980. His regime is estimated to be responsible for the death of hundreds of thousands of Zimbabweans.

In 2002, amid allegations of fraud during Mugabe's re-election and human rights concerns, the EU adopted restrictive measures towards the Zimbabwean government and imposed a travel ban on Mugabe and 19 of his closest political associates.

These measures, including an arms embargo, have been renewed each year since.