The decision by European heads of state to slash the budget for EU-wide roll out of fast broadband internet will stifle Europe’s innovation agenda, the European Commission warned, leaving telecom firms and member states to stump up the cash.
Under its Digital Agenda strategy, the European Commission wants Europeans to have access to fast broadband by 2013 and make sure at least 50% of households are able to subscribe to internet access above 100 megabits per second (Mbps) by 2020.
To reach that goal, the Commission proposed a €50-billion "Connecting Europe Facility" (CEF) for cross-border infrastructure projects under the EU's 2014-2020 budget.
Of this, €9.2 billion was earmarked to expand broadband and digital networks, amid concerns Europe is falling behind Asia and the United States.
But last week’s deal on the long-term budget, struck be heads of states and government, saw the broadband element of the CEF slashed by €8.2 billion to just €1 billion.
The Commission estimates that up to €200 billion is required to meet the 2020 digital broadband targets in full.
An industry source, speaking on condition of anonymity, said the result would add €70 billion to Europe's broadband bill, explaining that the €8- billion cut represented “seed money for loans that now can't happen”, leaving the private sector and member states to stump up the cash.
The additional cost calculation arises from the fact that the loss of seed funding would deprive industry and member states of cheaper European Investment Bank-backed AAA-rated finance instruments, the source said.
“Cutting the broadband out of the CEF proposal is penny-wise but pound-foolish,”said Ryan Heath, Kroes’ spokesman. Heath said the fast broadband networks would eventually be built, and the EU would help drive demand for them by using the remaining €1 billion to develop cross-border digital services like eProcurement.
But he added: “They will cost more in the end and arrive later because they are riskier in the absence of EIB backing.”
Industry finding Digital Agenda hard to fund
“Given the key importance of high-speed broadband networks and the potential leverage effect on private network investments of the CEF, this budget cut is a missed opportunity for Europe's economic recovery,” said Luigi Gambardella, the chair of ETNO’s executive board.
Gambardella said investments in wireline networks in Europe in 2011 amounted to €24.8 billion, with ETNO members accounting for 67% of this expenditure. “Industry is finding it increasingly difficult to sustain this level of investment in order to meet the goals of the Digital Agenda,” he added.
“The [CEF budget] decision shows that there still is a lack of understanding of European Governments on the importance of future-proof broadband networks," said Karin Ahl, president of the Fibre-To-The-Home (FTTH) Council Europe, an industry organisation with a mission to accelerate the availability of fibre-based, ultra-high-speed access networks to consumers and businesses.
“Governments all over the world increase their efforts to ensure the availability of real broadband connections for their citizens. Therefore the European Union has just missed an important chance to make the right decision, not only for the years to come but also, and more importantly, for the future of a competitive Europe,” Ahl said.
“At Huawei, we believe that providing more users with access to faster broadband is vital to keeping the European ICT sector competitive, reaping the full benefits of new technologies such as cloud computing services and will support getting back to solid growth,” said Tina Tsai, Brussels spokeswoman for Chinese telecoms company Huawei.
“Investments in infrastructure roll-out play a key role in this context: the smart cities of the future will be built on ubiquitous ultra-fast broadband. The new digital business model is unthinkable without them,” Tsai said, adding: “Huawei remains committed to contributing to the Europe 2020 broadband targets by providing European telecom operators with the tools to upgrade their networks in a cost-efficient manner.”
In an excoriating blog post on 9 February, the Commissioner for the Digital Agenda, Neelie Kroes, said of last week’s budget negotiation: “It’s not a negotiation based on vision but a shadow boxing match meant to convey that ‘Brussels’ has been taken down a peg or two and that politicians have managed to wrest something from the jaws of the Brussels beast for their voters."
"French statesman Georges Clemenceau said war was too important to leave to the generals. I sometimes think Europe is too important to leave to the politicians," she said.
Broadband has spread rapidly in wealthier countries, and it is in the developed world that both internet access and broadband remain elusive. Only 9% of Africans have internet access, and fewer than 2% use broadband.
The lower economic base of the developing world enables huge commercial strides to be achieved once broadband is installed, a ratio which the West finds difficult to emulate.
- Feb.-March 2013: European Parliament to consider its position on the budget deal agreed by national leaders last week.
- European Council: MFF agreed by EU leaders
- European Commission: Digital Agenda: Commission proposes over €9 billion for broadband investment (19 Oct. 2011)
EurActiv Germany: Breitbandausbau: Kroes kritisiert Kürzungen im EU-Budget