France’s new president, Emmanuel Macron, appointed a conservative prime minister earlier today (15 May) in a shrewd move designed to broaden his political appeal ahead of legislative elections next month. But just who is Macron’s new right-hand man?
Édouard Philippe, 46, is a lawmaker and mayor of port city Le Havre. He is from the moderate wing of the main centre-right The Republicans party and will be a counterweight to former Socialist MPs who have joined Macron’s cause.
Élysee secretary-general Alexis Kohler made the announcement on the steps of the presidential palace earlier today.
Macron has pledged to end the left-right political game that has dominated France for decades, and his start-up centrist Republic on the Move (REM) party, which is just a year old, needs to find a wide base of support for the parliamentary elections.
Philippe is a close associate of former prime minister Alain Juppé, who leads the moderate wing of The Republicans and has indicated that he favours helping Macron. His appointment could draw more defectors from the party.
But Bernard Accoyer, secretary general of The Republicans, told journalists shortly after Philippe was named as prime minister that “this is an individual decision. It is not a political agreement”.
Referring to “ambiguity” that was now prevailing, Accoyer added: “Will this new prime minister support the candidates of En Marche of the president … or will he support the candidates of The Republicans-UDI, the candidates of his own political family?”
On the other side of the political divide, Macron’s decision not to put up an REM candidate to oppose former Socialist prime minister Manuel Valls in his constituency ties Valls closer and makes it hard for a divided left to re-unite.
It is the first time in modern French political history that a president has appointed a prime minister from outside his camp without being forced to by a defeat in parliamentary elections.
By appointing Philippe, Macron has passed over some loyal followers including Richard Ferrand, a former Socialist who was one of the first to join Macron’s cause last year and is secretary general of REM.
One of Macron’s close aides said on yesterday (14 May) this was the kind of tough choice that would have to be made in Macron’s inner circle now that the battle for the Élysee was won.
“In government, you will see that a lot of the inner circle will drop out,” Christophe Castaner, Macron’s campaign spokesman, told journalists at the inauguration ceremony.
“I was among the first to say ‘why not a prime minister from the right’? That’s in the nature of what we are trying to do… It’s tough… especially for the longest-serving ones,” he said.
Philippe began his political life as a Socialist activist affiliated to the former prime minister Michel Rocard while he was a student, before turning to the right.
A trained lawyer, he worked as public affairs director for the state nuclear group Areva between 2007 and 2010, before becoming a member of parliament in 2012, and then mayor of Le Havre in 2014.
Last year he was part of Juppé’s unsuccessful campaign team in The Republicans’ primaries, and then joined the presidential campaign of François Fillon, the party’s nominee. Philippe quit that cause when the financial scandal over fake jobs for Fillon’s family hit his campaign.
Philippe, like Macron, attended the elite ENA school, and his political hero is Rocard – another point in common with the 39 year-old new president.
The son of teachers, he likes to box in his spare time and collects cufflinks.