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10/12/2016

Merkel warns of return to nationalism unless EU protects borders

Elections

Merkel warns of return to nationalism unless EU protects borders

Angela Merkel and her host ,Matteo Renzi. Rome, 5 May. [Bundesregierung]

German Chancellor Angela Merkel yesterday (5 May) urged European leaders to protect EU borders or risk a “return to nationalism” as the continent battles its worst migration crisis since World War II.

As Italian Prime Minister Matteo Renzi kicked off two days of talks in Rome with Merkel and senior EU officials, the German leader said Europe must defend its borders “from the Mediterranean to the North Pole” or suffer the political consequences.

Support for far-right and anti-immigrant parties is on the rise in several countries on the continent, which saw more than a million people arrive on its shores last year.

In Austria, Norbert Hofer of the far-right Freedom Party is expected to win a presidential run-off on 22 May after romping to victory in the first round on an anti-immigration platform.

Far-right triumphs in first round of Austrian presidential election

Austria’s government was licking its wounds after a historic debacle that saw the opposition anti-immigrant far-right triumph yesterday (24 April) in a presidential ballot two years before the next scheduled general election.

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Merkel told a press conference with Renzi that Europe’s cherished freedom of movement is at threat, with ramped-up border controls in response to the crisis raising questions over whether the passport-free Schengen zone can survive.

 Africa plan

With over 28,500 migrants arriving since 1 January, Italy has once again become the principal entry point for migrants arriving in Europe, following a controversial EU-Turkey deal and the closure of the Balkan route up from Greece.

Italy prepares for surge in refugees

The number of refugee arrivals in Italy this year is already 80% higher than in the same period in 2015.  At the UN’s Geneva conference on Syrian refugees last Wednesday (30 March), Italy’s Minister of Foreign Affairs, Paolo Gentiloni, announced that 3,700 people had been rescued over the previous five days alone.

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In previous years, many migrants landing in Italy have headed on to other countries — but with Austria planning to reinstate border controls at the Brenner pass in the Alps, a key transport corridor, Rome fears it could be stuck hosting masses of new arrivals.

Austria plans border controls at Brenner pass, Commission concerned

Austria will introduce tougher border controls at the Brenner Pass crossing with Italy from 1 June at the latest, as part of its tough response to the EU migration crisis, Defence Minister Hans Peter Doskozil said today (12 April). The Commission voiced concern at the news.

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Renzi lashed out at Austria on Thursday, describing Vienna’s position as “anachronistic”.

“This is the wrong attitude even if there is a migrant crisis,” he said.

Italy is pushing for NATO naval patrols off Libya in time for the summer people-smuggling season, and a deal with Libya on the model just concluded with Turkey.

US backs NATO blockade of Libya to close refugee route

The United States yesterday (25 April) offered its backing for a NATO naval operation off Libya in support of a controversial Italian plan to close the Western Mediterranean refugee route to Europe.

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On Thursday, Renzi stressed the need for “a strategy for Africa” to stem the influx from there.

He wants EU aid for African countries that have seen large numbers of migrants set off, in a bid to lessen the poverty that drives many of them to leave home.

“The important thing is to invest in Africa,” Renzi said.

But he added that Germany and Italy were in disagreement over how to fund the plan, with Germany against using eurobonds to offer finance to African countries.

Pope to host talks

Renzi also hosted European Commission leader Jean-Claude Juncker, EU President Donald Tusk and European Parliament chief Martin Schulz at a debate about the state of Europe on Thursday.

Juncker on EU anniversary: We have too many part-time Europeans

The presidents of Europe’s three main institutions yesterday (5 May) presented a bleak picture of the European Union, saying the 28-nation bloc lacked leadership and was descending into petty, nationalist politics.

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During the discussion, Tusk said the notion of a “fortress” Europe was “absurd”, but that the EU had to protect its external borders if it wanted citizens to feel safe. He added that the idea of a single European state was “an illusion”.

On Friday (6 May), Pope Francis — who has blasted Western society for its indifference to refugees — will meet with the European leaders.

Merkel, whose country took in more than a million asylum-seekers last year, on Thursday insisted on the need to “respect the human dignity” of immigrants and to “share the burden” of the influx.

Bulgaria’s Prime Minister Boyko Borissov, in an interview with AFP, took a stance unusual among Central and Eastern European leaders in agreeing with her.

Borissov urges Eastern Europe to end opposition to refugee quotas

Eastern European countries opposing new refugee quotas should show more solidarity with the European Union, Bulgarian Prime Minister Boyko Borissov said yesterday (5 May), adding that Sofia would accept its share of people fleeing war and persecution to Europe.

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He pledged to accept Bulgaria’s quota of 1,200 asylum-seekers under an EU plan, saying: “It does not matter if it is 1,200 or 2,000 people — we have taken a commitment to accept them.”

Bulgaria fears becoming alternative route for refugees

Bulgarian Prime Minister Boyko Borissov has asked that the plan to return migrants arriving in Greece to Turkey, also applies to his country, the press in Sofia reports ahead of the EU summit beginning today (17 March).

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In Austria, far-right presidential candidate Hofer was meanwhile attempting to woo more mainstream voters by saying he believed it was possible to integrate migrants.

“I think that if we do everything we can to make sure the people who are already in Austria integrate themselves, it’s still possible,” he told the APA news agency.

Timeline

  • 6 May: The three EU presidents will attend the Charlemagne Prize ceremony which is this year awarded to the Pope Francis and therefore exceptionally taking place in the Vatican.

Further Reading