Former President Nicolas Sarkozy’s conservative UMP party and their allies won the first round of French local elections yesterday (22 March), denying Marine Le Pen’s far-right National Front (FN) first place.
The result is a surprise setback for Le Pen, who hoped her resurgent anti-immigrant, anti-euro party would emerge on top in the first round, boosting her goal of being a serious contender in the 2017 presidential election.
According to official partial results that tallied with exit polls, the UMP and its allies together secured around 30% of the national vote, ahead of the anti-immigrant, anti-euro FN on around 26, about 0.5 percentage points above its European elections showing last year.
Pre-election polls had the right and hard-right groupings neck and neck.
“The National Front has done 10 points better than it did in the 2011 local elections but its progress has stalled. It seems to have reached a ceiling,” said Bernard Sananes, head of the polling organisation CSA on BFMTV.
As expected, President François Hollande’s ruling Socialists came third with around 21% of the vote, underlining their unpopularity after failed promises to bring unemployment down from current levels around 10%.
Sarkozy immediately ruled out any alliances between his party and FN candidates in next Sunday’s second round, which will decide who controls France’s “departements”, one level in France’s complex multilayered system of local government.
“To those who voted National Front, we understand your frustrations,” UMP chairman Sarkozy told supporters at party headquarters.
“But this party will not solve France’s problems – it will only make them worse,” added the ex-president, who came out of retirement last year and hopes to secure the 2017 presidential ticket for his bitterly divided party in primaries next year.
Le Pen, who advocates a return of the franc and has hailed the rise to power of hard-leftists in Greece, is one of several radical leaders making gains across Europe in the aftermath of the 2008-09 economic crisis.
She rode a wave of disenchantment with established parties to emerge top in last year’s European Parliament elections and also won control of a dozen city halls in a separate ballot.
While Sunday’s vote means she can no longer argue the FN is France’s most popular party, Le Pen said the result was still a gain for a party almost totally absent from the departements at present, and a slap for Hollande’s Prime Minister Manuel Valls.
“Manuel Valls must now hear the message of voters and have the decency to hand in his resignation to the president,” she told supporters of the centrist reformer, who Hollande already said will remain in post whatever the final vote outcome.
Valls, who toured the country seeking to drum up support for his party, called on voters to back whatever candidate is best placed to beat the FN candidate in next Sunday’s run-offs.
In contrast, Sarkozy said that in the “rare cases” where his voters would have to choose between the FN and the Socialists he will give no instructions.
The two-round nature of the elections means the FN may win as little as one of the total 102 departements outright. But it still hopes to get dozens of its officials elected onto their councils, thus strengthening the party’s local networks.
If the UMP goes on to secure the majority of the local councils across France, that will be a much-needed boost to Sarkozy’s political come-back bid, which so far has failed to fully convince right-leaning voters.
He is due to re-launch the UMP with a new name in May and has signalled he will seek to win back voters from the FN with policies including a requirement for immigrants to demonstrate they have fully embraced the French language and culture.
Local elections are less mobilise less voters than the presidential elections in France, which are due in 2017.
However, this time, as a result of radical reforms set in motion by the Socialist government, each canton (ward) will elect not one but two representatives, a man and a woman. They will stand on the same ticket and for the first time, 50% of the seats on local councils will be given to women.
The second round of the local elections is on 30 March.
- 30 March: Second round of French local elections