Municipal waste in Pilsen used to be landfilled. “It is better to use waste for heat and electricity generation,” Radka Trylčová, a member of a regional council which is trying to make the waste-to-energy process policy, told EURACTIV Czech Republic.
Radka Trylčová is a member of the regional council in the Pilsen Region, located in the western part of the Czech Republic. She is responsible for the environmental and agricultural agenda.
Trylčová participated in a roundtable on the circular economy organised by EURACTIV.cz.
Last year, your region adopted a new plan for waste management. What are the principles and goals of this document?
Our main goal is to reduce landfilling, increase waste separation and recycling. By 2020 we would like to recycle at least 50% of waste plastic, metal, glass and paper produced by households. When the usable components, bio-waste and dangerous substances are removed, the rest of municipal waste should be used for heat and electricity generation. We also aim at reducing the volume of biologically degradable municipal waste which is put into landfills. By 2020, this component should represent less than 35% of the overall volume of bio-waste produced in 1995.
The European Commission proposed a new EU target for recycling: 65% until 2030. What are the challenges for the Pilsen Region that this new package is going to bring?
If the EU target is adopted, providing a sufficient capacity to process separated waste will be the main challenge, not just for the Pilsen Region. We need it to be able to further use the separated waste. In an ideal situation, we would be able to reuse waste right at the place of production. However, at the moment we cannot see sufficient capacities either in the Czech Republic or Europe. Most of the separated waste is exported to Asia. If the level of waste separation increases in the EU and new processing facilities will not be provided, our dependence on non-EU facilities will be even higher.
Some opinions hold that countries like the Czech Republic would be better off setting targets for a maximum volume of municipal waste per capita, rather than targets for recycling. Do you agree?
Some member states produce lower volumes of municipal waste per capita than other countries. The Czech Republic is one of them. That should be taken into consideration. If such countries are obliged to deliver the same targets for mixed municipal waste, it imposes stricter conditions on them. The increase in production of municipal waste is caused mainly by packaging materials which are easy to separate and process than the rest of the municipal waste. A target focused on a certain percentage of mixed municipal waste should be inversely related to the overall volume of municipal waste.
Last autumn, a new incineration plant was put into operation in your region. How important this kind of waste treatment?
The plant in Chotíkov helps us to shift closer to developed European countries. So far, all of the mixed municipal waste used to be landfilled, with all the problems connected to this. According to our analyses, even if we meet the ambitious recycling targets, there should be a sufficient amount of non-recyclable waste. It is better to use it for heat and electricity generation.
In 2015, more than 290,000 tonnes of municipal waste were produced in the Pilsen Region. Out of that, more than 156,000 tonnes consisted of mixed municipal waste and almost 30,000 tonnes of bulky waste. The mixed waste and part of the bulky waste was landfilled. With the new plant in Chotíkov, 95,000 tonnes of mixed municipal waste and bulky waste should be used for energy generation. That also means that 95,000 tonnes of waste will not be landfilled.
There are many opportunities for new technologies and innovation in the circular economy. Are there any companies in the Pilsen Region which are ready to make use of these opportunities?
If the business environment offers good conditions for competitiveness in this area, new business activities will try to exploit these new opportunities for sure. Companies mainly need a stable business environment and predictable legislation in a long-term. This should be provided by the state. In my view, it is mainly an opportunity for existing waste management companies with sufficient infrastructure and experience.
What is your view on individual or community composting and how does the Pilsen Region support it?
In my opinion, the most efficient way of bio-waste management is to process and reuse it right at the source.
That is also why we promote composting. This support is incorporated in the waste management plan and we use money from the EU funds for it. Municipalities are interested in getting compost bins and lending them to citizens who are able to compost bio-waste at home.
We also support purchases of equipment for the collection and processing of waste of plant origin. It is important to make sure that only materials of sufficient quality are collected. The compost we produce can be used, for example, for the maintenance of public greenery or in agriculture.