EU regulators will unveil reforms on Wednesday (30 November) to promote a greater share of renewables in Europe’s grid by 2030, with plans to cut energy use by 30%, phase out subsidies for coal-fired plants and enforce greater cross-border trade.
The European Commission’s draft, seen by Reuters, seeks to meet goals on cutting emissions and adapt Europe’s grid to a roll out of digital technologies and growth of wind and solar power that is transforming industry and challenging utilities.
The proposal, due to presented around 11 GMT, sets Brussels on a collision course with national governments who have increasingly sought to insure against black-outs by subsidising conventional power.
Facing a crisis of confidence over Britain’s vote to leave the bloc, the EU executive is seeking to champion consumer rights, pledging to lower prices, streamline billing and remove barriers for households to sell what electricity they produce.
While wholesale electricity prices are at their lowest point in 12 years across the bloc, Commission data shows, consumer bills have risen by some 3% a year since 2008.
“We are radically reforming the energy market for a greater integration of renewables,” Miguel Arias Cañete, Commissioner for climate and energy, told reporters on Tuesday in Madrid. “Consumers will have a very important role.”
The European Commission’s vision of an Energy Union with citizens at its core, where consumers take ownership of the energy transition, is to be applauded but needs to be followed up with genuine policy change, writes Jonathan Gaventa.
EU regulator set to gain power
Under the bill, which still faces a lengthy review by the European Parliament and member states, EU sources say the EU’s energy regulatory agency ACER would gain power to rule on disputes over the shape of single-price trading zones like that which covers joint German-Austrian power markets.
It also foresees more cooperation between grid operators in regional operations centres by the end of 2021, under the leadership of grid lobby ENSTO-E, to develop common rules on cross-border electricity flows.
In an effort to decarbonise the economy, reduce dependence on imports of fossil fuel and lighten the load on the grid, it set a binding target to cut energy use by 30% by 2030 but this falls short of a call by European lawmakers for a 40% reduction.
The package also takes aim at subsidies for fossil fuels and market distortions by setting stricter limits on support schemes for reserve power, known as capacity mechanisms.
They would have to be open across borders and to innovative providers who offer schemes that pay firms that work to ramp down power consumption, in so-called demand-side response.
As Reuters exclusively reported on Monday, EU regulators plan to attach a limit of 550 grams of carbon dioxide per kilowatt-hour to subsidies paid to new plants – ruling out their use for coal-fired plants.
Environmental campaigners have criticised the leaked draft provisions for an EU-wide renewable energy target of 27% by 2030 as lacking in ambition. They say it is undermined by weak rules on implementation, moving away from a previous nationally binding target of 20% by 2020.
Also at issue, are plans to limit wind and solar energy producers’ right to be the first to sell their electricity into the grid for new projects in EU nations where renewables already make up more than a 15% share of the energy mix.
Among the biggest losers from the push toward a lower carbon economy are farmers producing crop-based biofuels. The Commission has taken a U-turn on policies to promote them – as they are seen as snatching away land that should be used for food.
“We got it wrong,” an EU source said, commenting on previous policy. The draft law caps their share of the renewable energy target to 3.8% in 2030 from 7% in 2021.
It plans a rise in so-called advanced biofuels made from waste coming from agriculture or forestry industries to 5.5% by 2030 from 1.5% in 2021.
EU laws requiring member states to use “at least 10%” renewable energy in transport will be scrapped after 2020, the European Commission confirmed, hoping to set aside a protracted controversy surrounding the environmental damage caused by biofuels.