Energy efficiency gains are surpassing fuel consumption in some countries, according to a report released today (8 October) by the International Energy Agency (IEA)
In 2011, energy efficiency savings in 11 countries, including France, Sweden and the United Kingdom, “effectively displaced a continent’s energy demand” the IEA said.
Savings from improvements in energy efficiency reached the equivalent of 1.3 billion tons of oil (Mtoe), exceeding the total final consumption for all energy sources combined in the EU.
Estimated savings for the 11 countries amounted to 56 exajoules, worth $743 billion (about €586 billion) given an average price of energy at $13.96 per gigajoule.
Efficiency improved the most in the residential sector, where energy demand declined by 5% from 2001 levels among the 18 countries analysed.
The EU, alongside Japan, achieved the lowest level of energy intensity (units of energy needed to produce one unit of GDP) of all developed economies, thanks in part to a favourable policy mix, notably the ecodesign and energy labeling directives.
Energy security is an increasingly hot topic within the EU due to the Ukraine crisis. That led to fears that Russia would turn off the taps to its gas supplies. Energy prices increased between 11% and 52% in individual countries between 2001 and 2011, according to the IEA.
The report found that energy efficiency related industries are growing. Ireland’s exports of products such as insulation surged 66% from 2010 to 2012. Another example is the Netherlands, where the industry has grown by 9% each year since 1995 and its goods and services were valued at €4.1 billion in 2012.
A Bloomberg Energy Finance survey on energy efficiency in the UK showed today that confidence levels of energy efficiency suppliers are at an all time high and that consumer trends such as a shift in expectations toward longer payback periods and the increasing use of alternative finance models are also favourable.
The IEA said that “increased focus on the issues of energy security, economic growth, sustainable development and climate change mitigation, which can each be enhanced through improved energy efficiency, is likely to support a continued growing emphasis on this ‘first’ fuel.”
On 23 October, EU member states will decide on a binding or indicative target for energy efficiency as part of its 2030 climate package.
The Commission's Communication on Energy efficiency for the '2030 Framework for climate and energy policy' assesses whether the EU is on track to reach its 2020 target to increase energy efficiency by 20%.
It outlines what is necessary to ensure that the target is achieved and proposes a new energy saving target of 30% by 2030.
It completes the 2030 Framework on Climate and Energy which was adopted by the European Commission on 22 January 2014.
The EU currently has three 2020 climate plans – for 20% improvements on the continent’s CO2 emissions, renewables and energy consumption performances. The 2030 targets are the successors of these '20-20-20 goals'.
International Energy Agency
- IEA press release