A surprising groundswell of public support for binding EU-wide action on renewable energy and energy efficiency has been revealed by an IPSOS poll of the so-called Visegrad countries of Poland, Hungary, the Czech Republic and Slovakia, seen as foot-draggers on climate action.
The public opinion survey, which was commissioned by Greenpeace International, found that 85% of those interviewed supported a binding target to reduce energy wastage by 2030, while 86% supported a binding renewable energy goal.
Russian energy import dependency was identified as a problem by more than three quarters of the 2,500 survey participants, and the same percentage saw renewables and energy savings as a way of remedying the situation.
Energy savings in this context could refer to improved buildings efficiency through insulation, double glazing, or deeper public renovations, as well as mandated savings by the power sector, better energy labelling and more streamlined ecodesign of products to increase their efficiency.
“The Czech, Slovak, Polish and Hungarian leaders are out of sync with their citizens,” commented Joris den Blanken, the EU climate policy director for Greenpeace. “People understand that energy efficiency and renewables will massively cut dependence on energy imports, and that these technologies need binding EU targets.”
“It’s a no-brainer, but pressure from energy companies means fossil fuel and nuclear energy still dominate the political agenda,” he added.
Europe’s biggest employers group, BusinessEurope, was not available to comment.
On 24 June, the EU’s president José Manuel Barroso is scheduled to visit the Visegrad countries for a summit in Budapest.
The polling data was released as Barroso today (18 June) convened a meeting of the bloc’s Commissioners to try and agree a position on an energy efficiency target for 2030, with opinions thought to be split between a 30% and a 35% objective.
Energy Efficiency review
As EURACTIV revealed yesterday, the impact assessment informing the top official’s decision shows robust growth, jobs and energy security improvements resulting from higher energy efficiency targets.
With a 35% energy efficiency target, Europe’s gas use would be slashed by 35.3%, net gas imports would be cut by a third, EU employment would get a 2.3% boost and €397 billion would be saved in fossil fuel imports.
By comparison, with a 30% goal gas use would fall by 24.7%, net gas imports would be cut by 22%, employment would rise by 2.23% and the fossil fuel import saving would be €315 billion.
As well as this data though, the decision-makers may be mindful of a feared conflict with the Emissions Trading Scheme (ETS), which regulates emissions from around 40% of the bloc’s carbon-emitting sectors.
Its prices of around €5 per tonne of carbon are currently too low to influence investment decisions due to an oversupply of carbon allowances outstripping demand from large CO2 emitters, mainly heavy industry.
Without structural change, any further cuts in carbon emissions caused by the expansion of renewable energy or energy efficiency measures could reduce prices still further.
As lobbying and counter-lobbying over the scale of the EU’s energy and climate ambition reached fever pitch, a call for a 40% efficiency target was sent to Barroso and other decision-makers by the CEO’s of several companies, including Philips, Knauf Insulation, Schneider Electric and Danfoss.
“Binding targets for energy efficiency in 2030 – based on energy saving not energy intensity to maximize cost-effective savings – are needed to create national political momentum to drive through necessary reforms and send strong signals to private investors that the market and supply chain is ready is scale up,” the CEO’s say.
The EU’s proposed climate and energy package will be finalised at a summit in October. But a European Council later this month will also debate the issue.
Draft conclusions, which EURACTIV has seen, says that “all efforts will be mobilised” to ensure that the October deadline is met, despite Poland’s intent to postpone discussion of 2030 goals until next year.
It says that emergency measures and solidarity mechanisms to avert the danger of short-term energy supply disruption will be “reinforced” in the member states most vulnerable.
Such measures include gas storage, emergency infrastructure and reverse flows to flexibly transport fuel already on the continent to areas suffering shortages.
To help countries such as Ukraine, whose pipeline to Russian gas supplies was this week turned off by Moscow, “the Energy Community, which aims to expand the EU’s energy acquis [laws] to enlargement and neighbouring countries, should be reinforced so as to ensure the application of acquis in those countries,” the document says.
In a blow to opponents of a gas-led strategy for increasing energy security, one of the country’s most supportive of an energy efficiency target for 2030, Germany, was yesterday reported to be on the verge of over-riding key environmental laws to allow wide-scale fracking for shale gas.
A European Commission consultation document (or 'Green Paper') for the EU's 2030 climate and energy policy mentions a potential greenhouse gas emission-reduction target of 40%, and does not close the door on a 30% target for the proportion of energy that renewables should make up by 2030.
But the consultation document suggests that any new energy savings goal be delayed until after a review of progress towards reaching the bloc’s 2020 target in June 2014, despite recognising that this goal was non- binding, and unlikely to be met.
The EU currently has three 2020 climate plans – for 20% improvements on the continent’s CO2 emissions, renewables and energy consumption performances. This latter is to be met by a variety of means.
- 18 June: German and Danish governments host 2030 targets workshop in Brussels
- 26 June: European Council expected to discuss climate and energy targets for 2030
- September: EU Energy Efficiency Review expected to be published
- September: UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-Moon hosts climate summit in New York
- October: European Council expected to agree 2030 climate and energy targets
- December: UNFCCC Climate Summit in Lima, Peru
- December 2015: UNFCCC Climate Summit in Paris expected to agree outline of global legally-binding climate treaty
- 2020: Deadline for EU to meet target of 20% greenhouse gas reduction as measured against 1990 levels, a 20% share for renewable energy in the bloc's energy mix, and a non-binding goal of a 20% energy efficiency improvement, measured against 2005 levels
Council of the EU
- Press release: Energy Council (3 Dec. 2012)
- Conclusions: Renewable Energy : a major player in the European energy market (22 Nov. 2012)
Business & Industry
- Letter by 61 companies to the European Commission calling for 2030 targets
- European Wind Energy Association
NGOs and Think-Tanks
- EURACTIV Slovakia Plány EÚ o dekarbonizácii do roku 2050 sa rúcajú
- EURACTIV France Échec à l'horizon pour les objectifs climat de 2050
- EURACTIV Germany Parlament fordert verbindliche Energie- und Klimaziele bis 2030