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27/07/2016

VoteWatch study: ‘Old’ EU member states most diligent in Parliament

EU Elections 2014

VoteWatch study: ‘Old’ EU member states most diligent in Parliament

Portuguese MEP Vital Moreira is the country's most active in drafting reports, putting Portugal in first place in the VoteWatch ranking. [EP]

Pro-Europeans in Germany will be satisfied with the results of a new study: German MEPs are the most diligent – at least in submitting co-decision reports – and on average MEPs from the 15 “old” EU member states are considerably more engaged than their colleagues from the 13 “new” members. EurActiv Germany reports.

Ahead of the new parliamentary term, a study finds MEPs from the EU’s 15 “old” member states were much more active in the 2009-2014 parliamentary term than their colleagues from the 13 new EU countries.

Conducted by researchers from NGO VoteWatch Europe, the study evaluates attendance and voting behaviour of officials in the European Parliament.

But German MEPs, in particular, were among the most productive. In the context of the European Parliament’s co-decision procedure (officially “ordinary legislative procedure), officials from the Federal Republic composed the most reports on average during the current parliamentary term, which is due to end after this month’s elections.

Results show around 0.8 co-decision reports on average per German MEP.

Luxembourg and Ireland show similar results, followed by the United Kingdom, Finland and Sweden.

Ranking at the bottom of the list are Malta and Lithuania, whose MEPs did not contribute a single report to the legislative procedure up to January 2014.  The same applied to MEPs from the youngest EU member, Croatia, which joined in July 2013.

The study assesses the parliamentarians’ activities, according to several indicators. In addition to the number of written reports, researchers took into account opinions, reports amended, parliamentary questions, the signing of motions for resolutions, and participation in roll-call votes.

Population-wise, the study’s results reveal another trend: MEPs from highly populated member states usually showed mid-range levels of activity, while officials from small states sometimes belonged to the most active and sometimes to the most passive. The Baltic States and Malta received the weakest average scores.

First place for Portugal is a “quirk”

Upon closer examination, however, the results were skewed somewhat due to an outlier in the results for co-decision reports. Despite the markedly high activity of German MEPs, the table showing the report numbers does not rank Germany at the top of the list.

Instead, the Federal Republic is only in second place, placing just under Portugal. Southern European MEPs have contributed an average of 1.9 reports to the co-decision procedure since 2009, more than double the rate of their German colleagues.

Nevertheless, this result should be taken with a grain of salt. “Portuguese MEPs drafted the most reports, thanks largely to a procedural quirk which has handed a large number of rapporteurships to Vital Moreira, Chair of the International Trade Committee,” the study said in a press release on Tuesday (6 May).

Parliamentary questions useful for crisis states

Concerning roll-call votes, Austria ended up with the highest participation rates from MEPs, with over 90%. Slovakia and Luxembourg followed with only slightly lower percentages.

These results are telling, according to the study, as roll-call voting participation is a good indicator for attendance in plenary sessions.

German MEPs took part around 87% of the time, on average.

Meanwhile Malta, Greece and Lithuania showed the worst performance. Every fourth MEP in their ranks did not participate in the roll-call votes.

Representatives from Portugal, Greece and Ireland – all crisis states – turned out to submit by far the most parliamentary questions to the European Commission and Council of Ministers. This activity is a useful instrument among MEPs, the study indicates, to direct the institutions’ attention to a certain concern.

Here too, a pair of Portuguese members stands out of the crowd: Together, Diogo Feio and Nuno Melo submitted more than 1,400 parliamentary questions.

Background

The European elections will be held in all EU countries in May 2014. The Lisbon Treaty states that the European Parliament shall elect the commission president on the basis of a proposal made by the European Council, taking into account the European elections (Article 17, Paragraph 7 of the TEU). This will apply for the first time in the 2014 elections.

The European Parliament, parties and many others have pushed for European political parties to nominate their front-runners in the election campaigns. This will make the European elections a de facto race for commission president, politicise the campaigns and could increase voter turnout, they say.

But others have argued that the European parties’ push for their own candidates may not be the best solution. Raising expectations could easily lead to disappointment, Herman Van Rompuy has repeatedly said, calling for caution in case the council chooses another candidate than the winning party’s frontrunner.

Further Reading

Non-governmental organisation:

VoteWatch end of term scorecard: The activity records of MEPs analysed by Member State