Commissioners-designate will face scrutiny by MEPs before the new European Commission can start its five-year term on 1 November.
The idea behind the hearings is to assess each candidate’s competence on the portfolio they have been assigned. Although MEPs can only vote on the Commission as a whole, Parliament’s concerns about candidate commissioners have in the past led to candidacies being withdrawn or portfolios being reassigned.
After each hearing, committees meet in camera to draft their evaluations of the candidate’s expertise and performance, and then send it to the president of the Parliament.
Before the hearings each candidate will be asked to respond in writing to at least five questions by 26 September.
- Two general questions common to all – the first on general competence, European commitment and personal independence, and the second on management of the portfolio and cooperation with Parliament.
- Three questions from the committee responsible. Joint committees may also put an additional two questions each.
All hearings will be webstreamed. On Monday, 29 September, MEPs will audition Malta’s Karmenu Vella, Sweden’s Cecilia Malmström, Croatia’s Neven Mimica and Gemany’s Günther Oettinger.
On Tuesday, 30 September, Portugal’s Carlos Moedas, Greece’s Dimitris Avramopoulos, Cyprus’ Christos Stylianides, Lithuania’s Vytenis Andriukaitis, Austria’s Johannes Hahn and Slovakia’s Maroš Šef?ovi? will be auditioned.
On Wednesday, 1 October, Romania’s Corina Cre?u, the UK’s Jonathan Hill, Hungary’s Tibor Navracsics, Belgium’s Marianne Thyssen, Czech Republic’s V?ra Jourová and Spain’s Miguel Arias Cañete will appear before MEPs.
On Thursday, 2 October, France’s Pierre Moscovici, Bulgaria’s Kristalina Georgieva, Denmark’s Margarethe Vestager, Ireland’s Phil Hogan and Poland’s El?bieta Bie?kowska will take their turn.
On Monday, 6 October, Latvia’s Valdis Dombrovskis, Slovenia’s Alenka Bratušek and Italy’s Federica Mogherini are scheduled to appear. On 7 October, only two hearings are on the programme – Finland’s Jyrki Katainen and the Netherlands’ Frans Timmemans.
>> More: See the EurActiv document: Draft calendar of the commissioners’ hearings
Sources close to the conference of presidents in the European Parliament said the proposed distribution of portfolios is broadly positive, in particular the attempt to restructure the Commission based on its priorities.
“What will play a crucial role in our assessment will be the commissioners designates’ commitment to our democratic values, the rule of law, and which direction Europe should take,” tweeted Guy Verhofstadt, the liberal ALDE group leader, referring to the hearings in the European Parliament.
The vice-presidents, who don’t have a specific portfolio but are responsible for a horizontal EU priority, might also be invited by the conference of presidents for separate interrogations on organisational issues of the portfolios, and their power to veto some proposals.
Jerzy Buzek, chair of the conference of committee chairs in the European Parliament, hopes that the candidates will concentrate on the content of their work, instead of getting into ideological discussions.
Each hearing will last at least three hours, and commissioners-designate will have to respond to MEPs from multiple committees. If the committees are not satisfied with at least one candidate, extra hearings will be held.
Chronicle of a rejection foretold
In the past, the European Parliament has grilled a number of commissioners-designate. In 2004, MEPs forced Italy to withdraw the nomination of Rocco Buttiglione, whose portfolio was to include civil liberties, for his views on homosexuality and women. In 2010, Bulgarian nominee Rumiana Jeleva and commissioner-designate for humanitarian aid and crisis response – was forced to step down after a disastrous hearing.
Despite Juncker’s confidence that his team will survive unscathed, sources point to Spanish commissioner-designate Miguel Arias Cañete as a possible problem. “Miguel Arias Cañete as climate and energy change commissioner, is a surprising choice, giving his connections to the oil industry,” said Greenpeace EU managing director Mahi Sideridou.
Another candidate likely to be attacked by political opponents is Slovenia’s current caretaker Prime Minister Alenka Bratušek. A video circulating on social media shows her singing “Evviva il comunismo e la libertà”, the best-known line from “Bandiera Rossa”, also known as Avanti Popolo, one of the most famous songs of the communist era.
Parliament is expected to give green light to the full Commission at their vote in plenary session on 22 October. The new Commission then could start work on 1 November.
Jean-Claude Juncker, the European Commission President-elect, announced on 10 September the distribution of portfolios within his team in Brussels.
With 18 former ministers and prime ministers, the new Commission will be ‘a very political Commission, as incoming European Commission president Jean-Claude Juncker said presenting his new executive.
If confirmed in a Parliament vote in October, the European Commission will take office on 1 November 2014.
- 18 September: Questionnaires sent in English to the Commission (other languages will follow), with deadline to reply in English by 26 September at noon, and in other languages by 29 September morning
- 22-25 Sept.: Committee on Legal Affairs meets to discuss declarations of financial interest of candidates
- 29 September to 7 October: Hearings of Commissioners-designate and committee evaluation meetings; no hearings on Friday 3 October 2014 and on Monday 6 October 2014 in the morning
- 7 October: Extraordinary meeting of the Conference of Committee Chairs to evaluate the outcome of the hearings.
- 8 to 9 October: The Groups will meet on Wednesday 8 October in the afternoon and on Thursday 9 October in the morning in order to evaluate the hearings.
- 9 October: The Conference of Presidents meets to declare the hearings closed and finalise the evaluation
- 22 October: Vote in Plenary
- European Parliament: Parliament hearings