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03/12/2016

EU eyes extending Russia sanctions before summit

Europe's East

EU eyes extending Russia sanctions before summit

The EU Council table [European Council]

The European Union is likely to extend economic sanctions against Russia next week, before leaders of the bloc meet for a summit, diplomats said, after unexpected opposition by Italy blocked the rollover earlier this week.

The EU targeted Russia’s energy, banking and defence sectors in July 2014, blaming Moscow for driving a separatist revolt in east Ukraine, where 9,100 people have been killed in fighting between the Russian-backed rebels and Kyiv’s forces.

Italy’s last-minute demand on Wednesday (9 December) for a discussion on extending the sanctions, which expire at the end of January, meant that a six-month rollover was not rubber-stamped by member states’ envoys to the EU as had been expected.

>> Read: Italy keeps the ball rolling over Russia sanctions renewal

But diplomats said on Thursday the extension was likely to come next week before member states’ leaders meet in Brussels on 17-18 December for their last summit of 2015. Migration, countering terrorism and British EU negotiations are expected to dominate the summit agenda.

The decision on sanctions could take place when the bloc’s foreign ministers meet on 14-15 December or during another meeting of the EU envoys to Brussels before the summit.

Diplomats said there was little appetite among member states to put the decision on the leader’s agenda and that was unlikely. If it happened, it would highlight the growing lack of unity within the EU on the issue.

The conflict in Ukraine sent ties between Moscow and the West to post-Cold War lows but signs of a tentative rapprochement have since emerged.

Some European capitals believe it is important to engage with Moscow on fighting terrorism, especially following the 13 November attacks in Paris that left 130 people dead. 

Background

The wide-ranging economic sanctions targeting Russia's banking, oil and defence sectors were introduced after the July 2014 shooting down of a Malaysia Airlines jet, blamed on pro-Russian rebels in eastern Ukraine.

The EU has also imposed separate travel ban and asset freeze sanctions on Russian and Ukrainian individuals held responsible for backing the rebels, which run to March, and for those involved in Moscow's annexation of Crimea, which run to June. [Read more]

Timeline

  • 14 December: Foreign ministers meet in Brussels
  • 17-18 December: EU leaders meet in Brussels for regular December summit