Finland could face an economic crisis because of European Union sanctions against Russia and Helsinki will seek financial compensation from the EU if it is disproportionately hit by the measures, its prime minister said on Wednesday (6 August).
Last week, the EU imposed tough sanctions targeting Russia’s banking, oil and defence sectors over Moscow’s stance in the Ukraine crisis.
The West accuses Moscow of actively backing pro-Russian rebels in eastern Ukraine and blames them for downing a Malaysian airliner last month. Russia denies the charges.
Russia is Finland’s third largest export market, accounting for about 10% of total Finnish sales abroad. Russian tourists also spend roughly €2 billion annually in Finland, a neutral country which shares a long border with Russia.
“This has the potential – and I stress potential – to become economic crisis 2.0,” Prime Minister Alexander Stubb told reporters, adding that the indirect impact of the sanctions could be significant for Finland.
Finland is struggling to exit from two years of economic slowdown that has battered its electronics and paper industries. Some economists expect further contraction in 2014, while the finance ministry has forecast meagre growth of 0.2%.
Stubb, who organised his news conference at a beach cafe in sunny Espoo near Helsinki on the last day of his summer vacation and wore shorts and sandals, said Russia would suffer a bigger direct hit from the sanctions than the EU countries.
Stubb, who took over as prime minister in June and has called in the past for Finland to abandon its neutrality and join the NATO alliance, said he expected Russia also to impose retaliatory sanctions, but said the EU measures were necessary.
“We have to be crystal clear about why we are in this situation. We are here because one country has invaded parts of another country and flagrantly violated international law … We have to think about international law,” he said.
Russia annexed Ukraine’s Crimea region in March and, despite its denials, is widely believed to be providing financial, military and logistical support to the separatists battling Kyiv’s forces in mainly Russian-speaking eastern Ukraine.
“Sanctions were necessary at the current juncture,” Stubb said, adding that no EU member state should suffer economically more than others because of the sanctions against Russia.
“It is without doubt clear that if sanctions hit a certain country disproportionately, that has to be compensated … It is also clear that if sanctions hit Finland disproportionately, we will seek aid from our EU partners,” he said.
The European Union decided to impose broad sanctions against Russia in July over Moscow's alleged support for rebels in eastern Ukraine.
For the first time, the sanctions targeted broad sectors of the Russian economy, including oil companies, banks and defence firms.
The measures will shut major state-owned Russian banks out of European capital markets but exclude the vital gas sector, on which Europe is heavily dependent.
Some member states are nervous about the risk to their own economies, and EU leaders struggled to strike a balance between inflicting pain on Russia and preventing fragile EU nations from sliding back into recession.