Georgia’s ruling party decisively won a second round of voting on Sunday (30 October), giving it more than three-quarters of seats in parliament, enough to change the constitution if it wants, data from the Central Election Commission showed on Monday (31 October).
The result cements Georgian Dream’s already firm grip on power in the ex-Soviet nation and is a crushing defeat for the opposition United National Movement (UNM) and its founder, former president Mikheil Saakashvili, a regional governor in Ukraine who has spoken of a possible return to his homeland.
Georgian Dream, which came to power in 2012, is pro-Western but also favours closer ties with Russia, while the UNM is strongly pro-Western.
A US ally traditionally buffeted between Russia and the West, Georgia is crisscrossed by strategically important oil and gas pipelines and hopes to join the European Union and NATO one day.
A quiet transition has taken place under the Georgian Dream government, bringing the country in line with a fully-matured western democracy, writes Amanda Paul.
Funded by tycoon Bidzina Ivanishvili, the country’s richest man, Georgian Dream won 67 seats in the 150-seat parliament in an 8 October round of voting. Runoff contests were then held on Sunday for 50 seats where no single candidate won a majority.
Central Election Commission data showed that Georgian Dream won 48 of those 50 single-mandate constituencies, meaning it will have 115 of 150 seats in parliament. That means it will easily be able to pass laws and amend the constitution.
The opposition UNM will only have 26 seats, while the pro-Russian Alliance of Patriots will have 6 seats.
There is speculation Georgian Dream may use its dominance to further curb the powers of the presidency in favour of the prime minister’s office, or to even abolish direct presidential elections and have parliament choose the president instead.
The opposition complained of violations during voting, but the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe, while recognising some problems, said the first round of voting was generally competitive.
Georgia has made big changes to meet its commitments to the EU. We must recognise this and not let them down on the question of visa-free travel, writes Heidi Hautala.