A move by the European Parliament to extend its observation mission in Ukraine, led by the former presidents of Ireland and Poland, has been viewed as a sign of hope that the country can finalise its association agreement with the EU by the end of year.
The Parliament's conference of presidents of political groups extended yesterday (18 April) the term of the mission, driven by Pat Cox and Aleksander Kwa?niewski, until Autumn, a decision warmly welcomed by Ukraine’s Foreign Minister Leonid Kozhara.
The EU legislative appointed Cox and Kwa?niewski last June as observers to the appeal proceedings involving Yulia Tymoshenko, the former prime minister who is serving a seven-year prison sentence.
The EU has delayed the signing of an EU-Ukraine association agreement for many months until it sees progress in several political areas. Both the EU and US have expressed concern about the treatment of Tymoshenko and the legitimacy of charges that she abused her office.
But the EU recently welcomed the release of allies of Tymoshenko, including the former Interior Minister Yuri Lutsenko, calling it a "first but important step to deal with selective justice".
Speaking in Parliament, Cox said that he hoped the mission with Kwa?niewski would bring “meaningful progress” in the Tymoshenko case.
The Cox-Kwa?niewski mission has held 14 meetings with Ukrainian Prime Minister Mykola Azarov, eight with President Viktor Yanukovych, seven with Tymoshenko and another 17 with opposition figures.
Pawe? Kowal, a Polish MEP of the European Conservative and Reformists (ECR) group, praised the mission in an interview with Interfax-Ukraine, a Kyiv-based news agency, saying that sending special envoys was a “successful tactic”.
He said that the pardoning and release of Lutsenko was "a political success" that it was decisive in prolonging the mission's term.
"We decided to prolong the mission and the next report, the third one, will be presented at the Conference of Presidents in September," he said.
Yanukovych received recently a petition from female MPs calling on him to pardon Tymoshenko. But the president said this week that a pardon of Tymoshenko was "impossible" while court proceedings were ongoing.
In the past Yanukovich had said that he could not pardon Tymoshenko if she did not make such a request herself.
The president of the Gorshenin Institute Vadym Omelchenko said that the prolongation of the mission was important for Ukraine if it was to maintain its European prospects.
"The situation in Ukraine has not become less tense or less complicated. Official diplomacy is in a dead end, since the demands by Europe are really hard to implement in the current situation," Omelchenko said.
"This is why the role of such an informal diplomacy tool as the Cox-Kwa?niewski mission is very important for the preservation of communication, for the EU to have a chance to influence Kyiv, and for the Ukrainian authorities to have a chance to explain their position to Brussels. The Cox-Kwa?niewski mission has succeeded in creating stable communication on the highest level of the Ukrainian authorities. The leaders of the Ukrainian state, including the president, the prosecutor-general, the prime minister, etc always meet them. When communication is preserved there is hope and perspective. We can see on Belarus's example, what happens when it is lost."
At a recent EU-Ukraine summit on 25 February, Council President Herman Van Rompuy reiterated the three areas where the EU wants to see progress before signing an association agreement with Kyiv.
The three conditions are to address the problem of "selective justice" - a reference to the imprisonment of former Prime Minister Yulia Tymoshenko - dealing with the democratic shortcomings stemming from the October national elections, and advancing judiciary reforms.
Van Rompuy made it plain that the EU wanted to see progress “at the latest May this year”.
Ukrainian President Viktor Yanukovych said the outstanding issues could be solved in time for the Vilnius Eastern Partnership Summit in November, during the Lithuanian presidency of the EU.
- Deutsche Welle: New chances for Ukraine-EU deal
- AFP: EU envoy says Tymoshenko release key ‘objective’ awaiting bloc deal
- Ukrainian News: Germany points out impossibility of signing Association agreement without solution to Tymoshenko case
- Interfax Ukraine: MEP Kowal: EP made sure that Cox-Kwasniewski mission based on dialogue, brings results
- Kyiv Post: Cox-Kwasniewski mission goes on after report that notes progress
- Kyiv Post: Kozhara: Ukraine welcomes prolongation of Cox-Kwasniewski mission until fall
- Kyiv Post: Press service: Yanukovych considering petition for pardoning Tymoshenko