A decision by pro-Russian separatists to postpone local elections was welcomed on Tuesday (6 October) by Kyiv, the European Union, Washington and Moscow, as a sign of progress in the faltering peace process.
The separatists said the elections, which they had set for 18 October and 1 November in two regions they control, would take place next February, potentially giving time for a compromise that would suit all sides.
The concession by the separatists comes at a time when Russia has adopted a more constructive tone in talks over Ukraine, according to diplomats involved in the discussion who say Russia has influence over the rebels.
Together with a withdrawal of light weapons by both sides, and signs the ceasefire is holding, the rebels’ decision appeared to raise cautious optimism that genuine efforts were being made to give the troubled Minsk peace deal a chance.
“Moscow has actually delivered,” a German government source said.
Under the terms of a peace agreement reached in Minsk, Belarus, in February, Kyiv-organised local elections were meant to be held on 25 October in the two regions, along with the rest of the country.
While denouncing rebels’ plans to hold their own ballot as illegitimate, Kyiv also acknowledged it would not be able to conduct its own elections there, since parts of the two regions were beyond its control.
Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko welcomed the rebels’ decision as enhancing the prospect for a Ukraine-organised vote to be held in rebel regions at some stage in the future.
“It opens the way for the return of Ukraine to the Donbas (east Ukraine) via elections conducted according to Ukrainian legislation, OSCE standards and of course without occupying forces,” he said in a statement on Facebook.
Poroshenko said this weekend that Russian leader Vladimir Putin had promised to ask separatists to cancel the disputed elections.
The European Union said that the rebels’ decision offered “renewed hope for a sustainable political settlement of the conflict.” Kremlin spokesman Dmitry Peskov said Russia welcomed the move, which followed talks last week between the leaders of Russia, Ukraine, France and Germany on the crisis.
At the meeting, French President François Hollande said it would take time to organise elections in the east that respect international standards and as a result, the so-called Minsk peace process would run beyond its deadline, into next year.
The United States welcomed the election postponement, as well as reports the separatists have begun withdrawing more heavy weapons from the line of contact in eastern Ukraine.
“This will further support the cease-fire and withdrawal of heavy weapons and fighters from Ukraine as stipulated in the Minsk agreements,” State Department spokesman Mark Toner said.
Apart from local elections being held, the Minsk agreement envisaged the withdrawal of Russian forces and equipment from Ukraine, and the return of the joint border to Ukraine control by the end of the year. Moscow denies it has forces in Ukraine.
After street protests last year toppled Ukraine’s Moscow-leaning leader, and installed a pro-Western administration, Russia annexed Ukraine’s Crimea region and separatist rebellions broke out in Donetsk and Lugansk region.
More than 8,000 people were killed in the conflict between Ukraine and the separatists, alleged by Kyiv and its Western allies to be backed by Moscow. The Kremlin denies giving military support to the rebels.
Western countries responded by imposing sanctions on Russia which, among other things, blocked Russia’s access to Western debt markets. Some economists say Russia is complying with the peace process because it needs to borrow internationally.
The leaders of Germany, France, Russia and Ukraine gave their support to a deal to end fighting in eastern Ukraine, following 17-hour long negotiations in the Belarussian capital Minsk on 12 February.
The four leaders committed to respecting Ukraine's sovereignty and territorial integrity, according to a joint declaration.
Western leaders are closely observing the implementation of the Minsk agreement.
On 2 March, European leaders said that they agreed that the OSCE needed a broader role as observers of the ceasefire, and weapons removal.
Ukraine has asked the EU to dispatch an EU-led Security and Defence (CSDP) mission to Donbas.