The leaders of Italy, France and Germany insisted Monday (22 August) that Britain’s shock decision to quit the European Union would not kill the bloc. Merkel suggested she could be flexible over EU budget rules, as Rome grapples to kickstart its stalling economy.
Speaking aboard an aircraft carrier anchored off the Italian island of Ventotene, one of the cradles of the dream of a united and integrated Europe, the leaders vowed to strengthen the European project following the Brexit vote.
“Many thought the EU was finished after Brexit but that is not how it is,” Italian Prime Minister Matteo Renzi said.
Calling out the continent’s eurosceptics, he said it was “easy to complain and find scapegoats.”
The EU “is the answer” to Europe’s problems, for it cemented “peace, prosperity and freedom,” he said.
German Chancellor Angela Merkel recalled that the EU had been born from some of the “darkest moments” of European history, a reference to World War II.
Echoing Renzi, she said the time had come to “write a better page” in European history.
French President François Hollande warned that Europe was faced with a risk of “fragmentation and division.”
It needed a “new impulse” on three fronts, Hollande said: the economy; defence and security; and ensuring jobs and education opportunities for young people.
The three leaders were speaking ahead of a working dinner aboard the Italian aircraft carrier Giuseppi Garibaldi as the sun set over the Naples coast.
In a symbolic move, the Italian PM earlier took his guests to the grave of Altiero Spinelli, a founding father of the ideal of European integration.
Renzi called the meeting in a bid to forge a common position on the EU’s future ahead of a summit of the 27 remaining states in Bratislava on September 16.
Europe’s economic outlook, jihadist attacks, the refugee and migrant drama, the Syrian conflict, and relations with Russia and Turkey were also expected to be covered.
The Brexit vote has raised fears of similar referendums in other countries, particularly the Netherlands, which opposes changes to the EU to achieve closer integration.
But coming up with a road map acceptable to all will not be easy.
The Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland and Slovakia vowed after Britain’s vote to draw up their own plans for a less centralised EU.
The Ventotene trip was the start of an intensive tour for Merkel as she attempts to coordinate a response to one of the EU’s biggest crises in decades and quell fears Berlin wants to monopolise the debate.
Merkel backs Renzi over EU budget rules
Renzi, who is campaigning for greater flexibility on EU deficit rules to help his flagging economy, said “we need strong measures to relaunch growth and fight youth unemployment”.
Rome is seeking a new deal with the European Union to allow it to boost its weak economy with an expansionary 2017 budget. A minister suggested earlier this month this could mean letting the 2017 budget deficit run higher than previously planned, possibly up to the three percent of GDP ceiling enshrined in the eurozone’s Stability Pact.
Merkel gave strong backing to Renzi, suggesting she could be flexible over EU budget rules.
“Matteo Renzi has initiated courageous reforms including the jobs act here in Italy. It won’t show results within four weeks but it sets the parameters for a sustainable and successful Italy.
“I am doing everything in my power to support him with this,” she said.
Asked about flexibility Renzi is seeking to finance investment in 2017 to kickstart Italy’s timid economic growth, Merkel signalled her openness.
“I think the Stability Pact has quite a lot of flexibility that we can use in a clever way. That is the responsibility of the (European) Commission – it’s not one (EU) member state that decides vis-a-vis another.
Hollande called for an EU investment fund for infrastructure, education, research and innovation to be beefed up.
Room for manoeuvre restricted
All three leaders have been hit in the polls by varying toxic combinations of refugee crisis, economic slump and terror attacks, with eurosceptic or populist parties gaining ground.
Their room for manoeuvre is restricted. Next year will see a general election in Germany and presidential and legislative elections in France.
After a series of deadly attacks by the Islamic State group, the three leaders were also expected to explore greater cooperation on counter-terrorism and an integrated European security and defence policy – a cherished objective that some analysts say could be easier to achieve after sceptical Britain departs.
“In light of Islamic terrorism and the civil war in Syria, we have to do more to ensure our security. We should increase cooperation on matters of defence and the sharing of intelligence,” Merkel said.
- 16 September: Informal EU summit in Bratislava, without Britain.