Just after Serbia's EU accession talks began on 21 January, Europe's Socialists and Democrats nominated Catherine Ashton, Serbian Prime Minister Ivaca Da?i? and Prime Minister of Kosovo Hashim Thaçi for the Nobel Peace Prize. The latter two are likely to raise eyebrows, due to their reputations in the Balkan region, EurActiv Germany reports.
In a letter to the chair of the Nobel Peace Prize Committee, Thorbjørn Jagland, the group wrote: “The efforts to normalise relations between the two countries have been unprecedented and have created the opportunity of lasting peace and cooperation in the region.”
The proposal comes four weeks after representatives from the US Congress submitted a similar letter, nominating the same three candidates to receive the prestigious award.
Representatives from the US Congressional Albanian Issues Caucus offered considerable praise for prime ministers Da?i? and Thaçi, in their letter to the Nobel Committee last December. “In breaking sharply with the past and finding a path to a brighter future, the two Prime Ministers showed remarkable commitment, courage, and vision,” they wrote.
But the nomination of the two Balkan leaders is likely to raise eyebrows.
Prime Minister Thaçi, who is the former leader of the Kosovo Liberation Army (KLA), is regarded as a war criminal in Serbia.
According to a report by Council of Europe rapporteur Dick Marty, a former Swiss prosecutor, Thaçi served as a mafia-like crime boss during the Kosovo War. Accusations against Kosovo’s prime minister included leading a group that supposedly committed assassinations, beatings, harvesting of organs, drug-trafficking and other crimes.
Meanwhile, the nomination of Serbian prime minister Da?i? is also expected to generate controversy.
Prime Minister Da?i? served as an anti-Western spokesman for notorious Serbian and Yugoslav leader Slobodan Miloševi?, who died in a prison cell in The Hague on trial for genocide and other war crimes.
Today, Da?i? says Serbia’s future is in the EU, but many in the Western world doubt the authenticity of his apparent change of heart.
‘Last push for lasting peace’
The S&D’s letter to the Nobel Peace Prize committee is dated 24 January and signed by the Austrian MEP Hannes Swoboda, who is head of the group in the European Parliament.
In the letter, Swoboda writes that the nomination of Ashton, Da?i? and Thaçi is not only meant “as a reward for the progress achieved already, but also as a motivation, possible as the last push that is needed for lasting peace”.
“Relations between two key players, Kosovo and Serbia are fragile – but they exist”, Swoboda writes. Nevertheless, the European Community was not able to prevent the Yugoslav War, a conflict which resulted in 140,000 victims, the Austrian politician continued.
“Lessons from other conflicts around the world have taught us that sometimes there is only a small window of opportunity to substantially advance peace,” Swoboda writes, noting, “I believe that today we are witnessing this window of opportunity between Kosovo and Serbia.”
The EU began accession talks with Serbia on 21 January after it accorded Serbia candidate status for membership in March 2012.
Belgrade and Pristina reached an EU-mediated agreement on normalising relations in Brussels on 19 April, 2013.
The agreement envisages the establishment of an Association of Serb Municipalities and the annulment of current Serbian institutions in Kosovo.
Agreements have been reached on several issues – the free flow of people and goods, customs stamps, the acknowledgment of diplomas, integrated border management in Northern Kosovo, and the representation of Kosovo at regional conferences.
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