The European Union and NATO refused to recognise the elections in Georgia's breakaway region of Abkhazia, held on Friday, which saw Alexander Ankvab, who is loyal to Moscow, earn a resounding victory.
Ankvab, a former pro-Russian businessman who was appointed acting president following the death of previous president Sergei Bagapsh in May, won the election with 54.9% of votes, according to official results published on Saturday (27 August).
The elections were held on 26 August, three years after a brief Russian military intervention which saw Moscow seize control of Georgia's breakaway regions of Abkhazia and South Ossetia.
Russian President Dimitry Medvedev congratulated Ankvab, wishing him "every success" in his new position. Medvedev and Ankvab "confirmed their commitment to further strengthening Russian-Abkhazian relations," the Kremlin said in a statement.
The Georgian Ministry of Foreign Affairs, meanwhile, described the vote as "mockery of international law". All three candidates in the election, including Ankvab, were against any reunification with Georgia.
The election results were rejected by EU foreign policy Chief Catherine Ashton, who reiterated the European Union's "support to the territorial integrity and sovereignty of Georgia, as recognised by international law".
Jerzy Buzek, president of the European Parliament, added: "The European Union does not recognise the constitutional and legal framework within which these elections have taken place."
"Abkhazia is an autonomous region part of Georgia and the European Parliament is committed to the sovereignty and territorial integrity of Georgia."
An agreement brokered by the French EU Presidency in 2008 saw Moscow commit to withdrawing its troops to pre-conflict positions. But the agreement has not been respected, Buzek said.
Earlier, NATO Secretary-General Anders Fogh Rasmussen had issued a statement saying that the military alliance "reiterates its full support for the sovereignty and territorial integrity of Georgia within its internationally recognised borders".
Both Ashton and Buzek emphasised "the importance of the Geneva International Discussions in ensuring the security and stability in the region".
Meanwhile, EU countries approved a proposal to nominate Philippe Lefort, a French diplomat, as the European Union's Special Representative (EUSR) for the South Caucasus and the crisis in Georgia.
Russia and Georgia fought a five-day war in August 2008. The conflict saw Russian troops repel an assault on the breakaway pro-Russian region of South Ossetia, which broke free from Tbilisi's rule in the early 1990s.
Russia later recognised South Ossetia and Georgia's second breakaway region of Abkhazia as independent states. Russia has thousands of troops stationed in both regions.
Privately, EU representatives generally recognise that Georgian President Mikheil Saakashvili was to blame for the August war. However, he still enjoys Western support as a symbol of the 2003 'Rose Revolution' in Georgia.
An independent fact-finding mission appointed by the EU published a report in September 2009, which concluded that both sides were responsible for triggering the conflict.
- European Parliament:Elections in the breakaway region of Abkhazia in Georgia
- European Commission:New EU Special Representative for the South Caucasus and the crisis in Georgia(26 Aug. 2011)
- NATO:Statement by NATO Secretary General on the elections in Abkhazia, Georgia(27 Aug. 2011)
- AFP (via Khaleej Times):EU, NATO refuse to recognise Abkhazia elections
- Bloomberg:Georgia Demands International Reaction to Abkhazian Vote
- RadioFreeEurope/RadioLiberty:Vice President Wins Georgian Rebel Region's Presidential Election
- Moscow Times:Abkhazia's New Leader Embraces Russia
- Associated PressBreakaway Georgian region elects president
- New Yort Times:In Russia’s Shadow, Abkhazia Elects President
- Deutsche Welle:Abkhazia votes for pro-Russian president
- Ria Novosti:Ankvab wins Abkhazia's presidential election with 54.9% of vote
- Wikipedia:Alexander Ankvab