As cynical as it may sound, an EU official said today (18 July) that the downing over Eastern Ukraine of a Malaysia Airlines Boeing 777, en route from Amsterdam to Kuala Lumpur, “provides an opportunity”, for the first time, to have direct contact with pro-Russian separatists, in order to negotiate a ceasefire.
The Boeing was brought down yesterday (17 July) over Eastern Ukraine, close to the Russian border, sending shockwaves throughout the world.
Before the one hundred or so Brussels journalists gathered, the EU official, who spoke on the condition that he can be quoted, but not named, said:
“What is important to watch is that terrible tragedy that occurred yesterday can open a space in political terms, a political space. As you know, we were running after the [pro-Russia] separatists for the last three weeks to get at least a conference call with them. After the tragedy that occurred yesterday, there was a conference call and they came out with clear decisions to protect and safeguard the area around the shot-down airliner. And the separatists even accepted some ceasefire, for the next 48 or 72 hours,” the official said.
He added that he didn’t remember if it was 48 or 72 hours, but this was contained in the contact Contact group agreements, which in his words “opens an opportunity on which everybody has to see whether we can move ahead with what has been the goal for the last few weeks of the EU, which is to end to end violence and implement the peace plan of President Poroshenko”.
On Thursday, the Trilateral Contact Group of senior representatives of Ukraine, the Russian Federation and the OSCE produced a 4-point statement summing up commitments made by the pro-Russian separatists in Donetsk during a video conference after the disaster.
Asked by EURACTIV to repeat if he really believed that the pro-Russian separatists, who have reportedly looted the luggage and wallets of the victims, and have taken the airplane’s black box to Moscow, could be put in charge, and trusted to safeguard the area, the official said:
“I want to be quoted precisely. I didn’t say that the separatists were in charge. I said that according to the four points [of the Contact group agreement] the separatists said they would assume the protection and security of this perimeter, and secondly, that they would allow an international investigative commission to come and do its work, and finally that they would allow the monitoring mission of the OSCE also to go on the site.”
The official also said that (as) in “any accident of this type”, international investigators were working with the national authorities. However, the issue is that Ukrainian authorities could not access an area under the control of separatists.
“I note, however, that yesterday night, the Contact group has been able to liaise with the separatists and establish a number of principles which are being implemented,” he said.
As other aviation experts told the Brussels press today, the remains of the airliner were scattered in a 20 kilometer area, which clearly indicates that it exploded while in the air.
Experts invited by the Commission to speak to the press basically said that the plane had been shot down in area under Ukraine’s domain. Closing up the airspace was its national responsibility, they explained.
The experts were questioned as to why international airliners did not avoid the area of Eastern Ukraine. They replied that Eurocontrol, the international body in charge, didn’t have a mandate on security and defence issues.
They admitted, however, that the Ukrainian authorities had restricted the airspace in Eastern Ukraine above certain levels: from 1 July from the ground to 26,000 feet, and from 14 July from the ground to 32,000 feet. The Malaysia Airlines Boeing was reportedly flying around 33.000 feet.
The analysts told the Commission that no independent sources had so far been able to confirm that the airplane was hit by a missile.
Asked if there was a precedent when a country on the territory of which an air disaster occurred had refused to provide the “black box” to investigators, an expert referred to the downing of the South Korean Boeing 707 in 1983 by the Soviet air forces. He added that after the Cold War ended, Russia provided the black box to investigators.
Apparently, only 25% of airliners crossing the Ukrainian airspace have taken independent decisions to change their routes, and not overfly the war zone in Eastern Ukraine. The aviation analysts present promised to produce a list of the airlines who had changed their route, and those who didn’t.
The crisis in Ukraine erupted after its former President Viktor Yanukovich cancelled plans to sign trade and political pacts with the EU in November 2013 and instead sought closer ties with Russia, triggering protests that turned bloody and drove him from power.
Moscow annexed Crimea in March following a referendum staged after Russian forces established control over the Black Sea peninsula in the biggest East-West crisis since the Cold War.
Pro-Russian militants control buildings in more than ten towns in eastern Ukraine after launching their uprising on 6 April. On 11 May pro-Moscow rebels declared a resounding victory in a referendum in Donetsk and Luhansk, which the West called illegal and illegitimate.
Kyiv says Moscow has provoked the rebellion and allowed fighters and heavy weapons to cross the border with impunity. It has struggled to reassert control over the eastern frontier, recapturing border positions from rebels.
The fighting has escalated sharply in recent days after Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko ordered on 1 July an assault on separatists.
Since, Ukrainian forces pushed the rebels out of their most heavily fortified bastion, the town of Slaviansk.
- 22 July: EU Foreign Affairs ministers meet in Brussels