The European Union will review relations with Zimbabwe given its "serious concerns" about the conduct of the southern African state's election, EU foreign policy chief Catherine Ashton said on Thursday (22 August).
The EU's verdict on the fairness of the elections will be crucial to a decision on whether it continues to ease sanctions against Zimbabwe, Ashton said in a statement.
The EU's foreign policy chief did not broach the issue of such sanctions in her statement. The EU slapped sanctions on Zimbabwe in 2002 after an election marked by fraud allegations. These include an arms embargo and travel ban on Mugabe and 19 of his closest allies. They have been renewed every year since.
President Robert Mugabe is to be sworn back into office soon after winning the 31 July election, extending – at age 89 – his 33-year rule, which dates back to independence from Britain.
The United States said earlier this week it believed the vote was flawed and did not plan to loosen its own sanctions.
Ashton said the 28-member European Union shared the "serious concerns" raised in the initial assessment of the election by the Southern African Development Community, African Union and domestic observers.
"The EU underlines the importance and need to continue strengthening reforms to ensure that future elections are fully transparent and credible as well as peaceful," she said.
"The EU will review its relations with Zimbabwe, taking account of all these factors."
Britain said on Thursday Mugabe's re-election could not be deemed credible without an independent investigation into allegations of voting irregularities.
Robert Mugabe has been president of Zimbabwe since 1980. His regime is estimated to be responsible for the death of hundreds of thousands of Zimbabweans.
In 2002, amid allegations of fraud during Mugabe's re-election and human rights concerns, the EU adopted restrictive measures towards the Zimbabwean government and imposed a travel ban on Mugabe and 19 of his closest political associates.
These measures, including an arms embargo, have been renewed each year since.
During the EU-Africa summit in Lisbon in December 2007, the EU did not bar President Mugabe from attending, despite the sanctions against him. His presence was heavily criticised by human rights groups.
- Declaration by Catherine Ashton following presidential elections in Zimbabwe (22 August 2013)
- European Commision (EEAS): EU relations with Zimbabwe
- European Commission (EuropeAid): Zimbabwe