EurActiv.com

EU news and policy debates across languages

28/09/2016

Thailand’s junta mulls ‘Great Firewall’ to control internet

Global Europe

Thailand’s junta mulls ‘Great Firewall’ to control internet

No freedom here.

[Adam Smith Institute]

Thailand’s junta is facing growing opposition over plans to introduce a single Internet gateway for the country in a bid to increase the government’s ability to monitor the Web and block content. 

Tens of thousands of people have signed a petition against the proposal which has been dubbed the “Great Firewall of Thailand” – a play on China’s draconian internet censorship programme – by commentators, analysts and netizens. 

News of the proposal first emerged last week when a cabinet order was unearthed by a Thai programmer and spread on social media. 

By Monday afternoon more than 72,000 people had signed a petition on Change.org calling on the government to abandon the proposal. 

The cabinet statement, published quietly on a government news website, ordered the Ministry of Information, Communications and Technology to “set up a single gateway in order to use it as a tool to control inappropriate websites and information flows from other countries via the Internet”. 

A spokesman for the ministry confirmed to AFP that they were working on the plans and that it aimed to update the public on the proposals within a week. 

Internet gateways are the points on a network where a country connects to the worldwide web. 

Initially Thailand’s Internet flowed through a single gateway that was owned by the government. 

But the sector was deregulated in 2006, allowing dozens of companies to open their own access points resulting in dramatically increased Internet speeds and Thailand emerging as a regional IT hub. 

Akamai, which ranks countries on their connectivity levels, says the kingdom’s average Internet speed this year is 7.5 mbps, on a par with nations like Australia, New Zealand and France. 

Thailand’s junta, which seized power in a coup last year, has vowed to expand the country’s appeal as a regional Internet hub unveiling a plan it has dubbed the “The Digital Economy”. 

But the generals have also ramped up censorship, blocking scores of sites and pursuing online critics with criminal charges and so-called “attitude adjustment” sessions. 

Prosecutions under the notoriously strict lese majeste legislation have also sky-rocketed, with the vast majority of cases brought over comments made online, including a record-breaking 30-year sentence for one man over the content of six Facebook posts. 

Critics of the single Internet gateway plan say it will allow the military to further increase censorship as well as leave the country’s IT hub status vulnerable if the gateway fails. 

“A return to the gold old days of a (government) monopoly would be disastrous,” wrote technology analyst Don Sambandaraksa on Telecoms Asia. 

“The people of Thailand can kiss a fast Internet goodbye purely from technical incompetence, not to mention all the monitoring, censoring and deep packet inspection the military want,” he added. 

Many ordinary Thais have flocked to social media to oppose the plan. 

“It contradicts policy of promoting Digital Economy,” wrote Twitter user @NataliePP. 

“It’s irrational. State paranoia is driving irrationality,” she added. 

Background

The EU expressed concern when General Prayuth Chan-och seized power in Thailand via a military coup in May 2014. Brussels and EU member states rightly suspended partnership and trade agreements with Bangkok until democratic norms and constitutional rule resume. During the past bleak year of junta rule, Thailand's generals have dispelled any notion of a ‘benevolent’ coup, announcing that five committees would be established to monitor the international and local media for reports deemed false or a threat to ‘national security.’

Earlier this year, General Prayuth agreed to lift martial law, only to replace it with Article 44 of a nascent constitution, which grants him unparalleled authority over government and law and order, making him a virtually omnipotent and unchecked ruler.

In addition to entrenching his own power, Prayuth has keenly abused the constitution to blunt any opposition against him. The very document meant to safeguard democracy has become a tool to silence the voice of the people, with the military having proposed a charter which would make the 200-seat Senate entirely unelected.