Ukraine has made fresh charges of Russian involvement in its conflict with separatist rebels, suggesting Moscow may have had a role in an air strike yesterday (15 July) that killed 11 people. The accusations come a day before EU leaders meet to discuss the crisis, where they might consider adopting fresh sanctions against Russia.
“Tomorrow in Brussels, the heads of state and government will again assess the situation on the ground and, should it be required, adopt necessary decisions,” the bloc’s enlargement commissioner Štefan Füle told the European Parliament in Strasbourg on Tuesday.
In other fighting in the three-and-a-half month conflict with separatists in the Russian-speaking east of Ukraine, government forces said they had lost another six soldiers in attacks on their positions near the border with Russia.
In all, since the start of the government’s “anti-terrorist” operations in mid-April, a total of 258 Ukrainian servicemen have been killed, 922 injured and 45 are captive, military spokesman Andriy Lysenko said. Hundreds of civilians and rebels have also died.
Pushing hard for the EU – Ukraine’s new strategic partner – to take tougher measures against Russia at its Brussels summit on Wednesday, Kyiv pointed to the downing of an An-26 military transport plane on Monday and Tuesday’s air strike on the Ukraine town of Snizhne.
The town’s health authorities said 11 people were killed and eight others injured, including a child, in the attack, which hit a residential area of Snizhne, 20 kilometres from the border with Russia, destroying 12 apartments.
A separatist leader was quoted by Russia’s Interfax news as saying the attack had been the work of a Ukrainian warplane.
But military officials and the foreign ministry said no Ukrainian fighter planes had taken off since Monday because a search and rescue operation was underway in the area for survivors of the downed An-26.
“Today at 7 a.m. (0400 GMT) an unknown plane carried out a bombing attack on Snizhne. The flight can be described only as a cynical provocation,” Lysenko, a spokesman for Ukraine’s National Defence and Security Council, told reporters.
His remarks appeared to be an accusation against Russia, since the rebels have not used aircraft in the conflict.
Kyiv’s fresh charges follow its accusation on Tuesday that the rocket that downed the An-26 may have been fired from Russian territory.
Tougher sanctions call
Foreign ministry spokesman Vasyl Zvarich, also suggesting Russian involvement in the Snizhne attack, said Ukraine hoped the EU’s threats to move to a tougher level of sanctions against Russia were not simply “declaratory”.
On Saturday, the EU targeted Ukrainian separatist leaders with travel bans and asset freezes, avoiding fresh sanctions on Russian business to avoid antagonising Moscow, its main energy supplier.
Saying Ukraine had proof of Russian participation in the activities of the rebel fighters, Zvarich said, “We hope that a resolution will be taken which will give an objective evaluation of Russia’s actions in Ukraine’s eastern regions and will also condemn Russia’s support for terrorist and separatist groups.”
Fighting over the past four months between forces of the pro-Western Kyiv government and separatists who want union with Moscow has intensified since last Friday, with Ukraine and Russia blaming each other for cross-border attacks.
Russia has accused Ukrainian forces of firing a shell that hit a house inside Russian territory last Sunday, killing a Russian man and injuring a woman. Kyiv has denied its forces were involved.
Vladyslav Seleznyov, spokesman for what the government calls its “anti-terrorist operation”, said four crew members who had survived the downing of the An-26 had been found, while two others had been captured by rebels. The fate of the remaining two people on board was not known.
Military sources said two of the six servicemen killed in the past 24 hours had been killed by high-powered Grad missiles.
In the rebel-controlled town of Luhansk, also the scene of fierce combat since last Friday, 17 civilians have been killed and 73 others wounded from shrapnel and gunfire in the past three days, the town’s municipality said, declaring three days of mourning.
Violence erupted in Ukraine’s Russian-speaking east following a pro-Europe revolt in Kyiv that ousted a Moscow-backed president in February and led to Russia’s annexation of Crimea.
Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko, who has led the way in pressing the EU to take a harder line with Moscow, said on Monday that Russian military officers were now fighting alongside separatists and heavy military equipment was pouring across the border from Russia.
Poroshenko, elected in late May, refused on 30 June to extend a 10-day unilateral ceasefire, which he said had been breached repeatedly by the separatists. He renewed the government’s military campaign to break rebel resistance.
The separatists, who have set up ‘people’s republics’, have been pushed back into the main eastern city of Donetsk, though they also remain in control of the border city of Luhansk.
German Foreign Minister Frank-Walter Steinmeier, in a new peace effort, said a diplomatic contact group might talk to separatists by video conference on Tuesday and meet them in person soon afterwards.
He said all parties were making a “strong effort” for the group – which includes Russia, Ukraine and the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe – to hold the video conference and agree a venue for a direct meeting with the rebels.
Moscow has invited foreign military attachés to visit the Russian town hit by fatal shelling on Sunday, an event for which it threatened “irreversible consequences”. Ukraine denied that its armed forces were responsible for the incident.
US Ambassador Anthony Gardner told Brussels journalists that his country had have maintained a high degree of collaboration with the EU.
“We are watching with great interest what will be the next steps on sections. On 16 July, there will be a meeting of the European Council. We will be watching with great interest what decisions will come out of that. We are hopeful that the last meetings at COREPER [Ambassador] level are not going to be the end of the story. Eleven names of separatists were decided at the end of those meetings and added to the list of sanctioned individuals without extending the legal basis for further sanctions. We have been told that that is not the end of the story and depending on events and facts on the ground, there may be future announcements. Hence, we are watching closely what will come out of that dinner on the 16th.
The crisis in Ukraine erupted after its former President Viktor Yanukovich cancelled plans to sign trade and political pacts with the EU in November 2013 and instead sought closer ties with Russia, triggering protests that turned bloody and drove him from power.
Moscow annexed Crimea in March following a referendum staged after Russian forces established control over the Black Sea peninsula in the biggest East-West crisis since the Cold War.
Pro-Russian militants control buildings in more than ten towns in eastern Ukraine after launching their uprising on 6 April. On 11 May pro-Moscow rebels declared a resounding victory in a referendum in Donetsk and Luhansk, which the West called illegal and illegitimate.
Kyiv says Moscow has provoked the rebellion and allowed fighters and heavy weapons to cross the border with impunity. It has struggled to reassert control over the eastern frontier, recapturing border positions from rebels.
The fighting has escalated sharply in recent days after Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko ordered on 1 July an assault on separatists.
Since, Ukrainian forces pushed the rebels out of their most heavily fortified bastion, the town of Slaviansk.
- 16 June: EU leaders meet for an extraordinary summit to discuss top appointments. The issue of new Russia sanctions is likely to become part of the agenda.