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05/12/2016

Be ready to completely stop the migrant flow, Austria tells Macedonia

Justice & Home Affairs

Be ready to completely stop the migrant flow, Austria tells Macedonia

Refugees try to cross Greece's border into Macedonia. [Reuters]

Austria told Macedonia today (12 February) to be ready to “completely stop” the flow of migrants across its southern border from Greece and said it would do the same on its own frontiers within months.

Macedonia has erected two lines of metal fencing topped with razor wire along the border at the main crossing point from Greece for migrants, many of them Syrian refugees, crossing the Balkan peninsula en route to western Europe.

Austria, which received 90,000 asylum requests last year, has set a limit of less than half that number for this year. More than a million reached Europe’s shores last year, and over 80,000 in the first six weeks of this year.

>>Read: Austria introduces cap on refugees, will deport ‘surplus’

>> Read : Daily limit on refugees still not enough for Austrians

“Most probably in the coming months our maximum number will be reached, so Austria will have to stop the migrants at its border,” Austrian Foreign Minister Sebastian Kurz said during a visit to the Macedonian capital, Skopje.

“Macedonia must be ready to completely stop the entry of migrants on its borders,” he said through a translator from German into Macedonian.

“We know this will be a hard task and today we agreed that Austria will lend its support, not only in terms of personnel such as police and army but with equipment too.”

His Macedonian counterpart, Nikola Poposki, said Skopje would coordinate all future steps with other countries along the migrant corridor and would “reflect the decisions taken in Germany, Austria and other European countries.” 

Last month, fearing that Western countries will close their borders, Macedonia, Serbia, Croatia and Slovenia started only letting refugees whose registration papers say that they will apply for asylum in Austria and Germany pass through.

>> Read: Balkan countries fear becoming buffer zone for refugees

So far, almost all refugees have continued on their way to Austria and further on to northern Europe. Countries along the Balkan route earlier restricted entry only to migrants from Syria, Afghanistan and Iraq.

Last October Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker called a mini-summit in Brussels to tackle the refugee crisis along the Western Balkans route. Those invited were the leaders of EU countries Austria, Bulgaria, Croatia, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Romania and Slovenia and their colleagues from non-EU states Macedonia, Serbia and Albania.

>>Read: Juncker calls EU-Balkans mini-summit over refugee crisis

Buffer zone?

The summit ended with a plan to increase to 30,000 by the end of 2015 the number of places to host refugees in Greece, and to make available another 50,000 places in countries further north, without any other detail.

It became obvious at the mini-summit that the countries on the Balkan route have no plans whatsoever to become a buffer zone for migrants, who anyway have no intention to stay there and seek to reach the wealthy countries further north.

>>Read: Leaders clash at migration mini-summit

Bulgarian Prime Minister Boyko Borissov has made it plain that the countries on the Balkan route won’t allow to be transformed into refugee camps.

“If Germany, Austria and other countries close their borders, we will not let our peoples become a buffer zone. We will be ready in the same way to close our borders,” Borissov said last October.

>>Read: Eastern leaders to give Juncker cold shoulder over refugee crisis