EU welcomes Romania’s repeal of graft decree, offers help for jails

Sorin Grindeanu and Frans Timmermans. [European Commission]

The European Commission yesterday (16 February) welcomed as a “very good step” the decision of the Romanian government to repeal a decree that would have decriminalised graft, and offered Bucharest assistance and funds to improve the country’s prisons.

The one-month-old cabinet of Prime Minister Sorin Grindeanu enraged voters when it quietly approved an emergency decree two weeks ago that would have decriminalised several corruption offences, prompting the largest display of popular anger since the fall of communism in 1989.

Romanians stage biggest protests since the fall of communism

Hundreds of thousands of people hit the streets across Romania on Wednesday (1 February) to protest the government’s decriminalising of a string of corruption offences, the largest demonstrations since the fall of communism in 1989.

After the protests, the decree was repealed and its main architect, Justice Minister Florin Iordache, resigned.

The decree, which sparked concern in Brussels and Washington, would have made abuse of power a crime punishable by jail only if the sums involved exceeded 200,000 lei (€44,000).

Romanian justice minister quits after graft decree debacle

Romanian Justice Minister Florin Iordache resigned on Thursday (9 February) after a decree on corruption that he drafted triggered a week of street protests, international criticism and finally an embarrassing climbdown by the month-old government.

“I really welcome the fact that the emergency order has been repealed. It is a very good step,” European Commission Vice-President Frans Timmermans told a news conference in Brussels after a meeting Grindeanu.

Timmermans, who had warned Romania not to backtrack in the fight against corruption after the graft decree was approved, urged the country to continue tackling graft and to involve civil society in the reform of its corruption laws.

Juncker, Timmermans issue stern warning against Romania’s ‘backtracking’

European Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker and First Vice-President Frans Timmermans issued a stern warning today (1 February) after the Romanian government issued an emergency decree reducing penalties for corruption, allowing several politicians to avoid criminal prosecution.

He also offered Romania EU assistance to improve the prison system, saying EU funds could be used for that purpose. The Social Democrat-led government had argued that the decriminalisation of some graft offences would have reduced overcrowding in the country’s jails.

Speaking at the same news conference, Grindeanu committed to new reforms and said he will work to make sure the EU’s monitoring of Romania’s judicial sector and anti-graft legislation would no longer be needed by 2019, when the country takes over the EU presidency for the first time since it joined the bloc in 2007.

Commission rejects Romania's bid to lift EU justice monitoring

Romania’s justice minister claimed yesterday (12 January) that Bucharest had filled the requirements for the European Commission to lift its monitoring over the country’s judicial system this year. But Brussels has refuted the suggestion. EurActiv Romania reports.

Since Romania joined the EU, Brussels has subjected Bucharest to a Cooperation and Verification Mechanism (CVM) review over corruption concerns.

“I strongly believe if that we stick to that roadmap we will be where we want to be: that the fight (against corruption) is so successful that the situation is irreversible,” Timmermans said, when asked about the review.

Grindeanu also said he will next week propose a new justice minister, who is likely to be picked from “outside the political sphere”, he told journalists.