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08/12/2016

For the first time since 1974, Greek Cypriots mark Epiphany in ghost town

Languages & Culture

For the first time since 1974, Greek Cypriots mark Epiphany in ghost town

Varosha, the ghost town, as seen from a neighbouring hotel. [Georgi Gotev]

For the first time in decades, Greek Cypriots celebrated Epiphany on the northern side of ethnically-split Cyprus on Wednesday (6 January), as momentum builds for a possible breakthrough this year in peace talks.

Against the backdrop of abandoned hotels and homes ringed with barbed wire, a robed Greek Orthodox priest tossed a cross into the sea, symbolising a blessing of the waters, and the baptism of Jesus in the River Jordan.

About fifteen people plunged into the icy waters. In Orthodox tradition, the person who retrieves the cross is blessed.

The east Mediterranean island was ethnically split in a Turkish invasion in 1974, triggered by a brief Greek-inspired coup. Greek Cypriots live in its south and Turkish Cypriots in its north, separated by a ceasefire line monitored by United Nations peacekeepers.

Though Turkish Cypriot authorities have permitted crossings of Greek Cypriots to the north since 2003, religious events by Greek Cypriots have required permission.

In a sign of an improving climate between the two sides which many hope can translate into progress in peace talks, Turkish Cypriot authorities sanctioned the Epiphany celebrations on a beach at Famagusta for the first time since the war.

“This is a very moving moment for me … our presence here means we haven’t forgotten, and we still believe one day we will return,” said Greek Cypriot Philippos Yiapanis, one of hundreds who lined a white sandy beach to observe the ritual.

He was 17 when he left Famagusta, a sprawling town on Cyprus’s eastern coast. He is now 59, and for most of his life, Cyprus has been divided.

Now, diplomats have hope peace talks between the two current Cypriot leaders, Nikos Anastasiades and Mustafa Ak?nc?, can achieve what an army of others failed. Both sides have reported progress in talks, though caution that plenty of issues are still unresolved.

>>Read: Turkish EU minister: Cyprus referendum in March will be successful

>>Read: Cyprus Ambassador: If Turkey is serious, it should recognise Cyprus

Varosha, a suburb of Famagusta, where hotels and homes have been left to rot is a poignant reminder of the conflict tearing Cyprus apart.

Ringed by a fence which extends into clear blue waters, the six-square kilometre suburb has been off limits to anyone but the Turkish military since its 39,000 residents abandoned it in the face of an advancing army in August 1974.

The closest pilgrims got to it on Wednesday was peering through a fence on the beach. One man fell to his knees, filling a water bottle with sand to take home.

“I cannot express how I feel,” said Vassilis Theofanous, 54, whose eyes welled with tears. “I was 14 when I left…I hope something happens this year and we solve the Cyprus problem, for everyone to return to their homes.”

Negotiations have stepped up pace since the election of Ak?nc?, a moderate, to the helm of the Turkish Cypriot community in April 2015.

Anastasiades, who has been President of the internationally-recognised government of Cyprus since 2013, has supported initiatives in the past – most notably backing a UN reunification blueprint in 2004 which however failed to muster backing from Greek Cypriots in a referendum.

But optimism is also tempered by past failures. And talks have barely touched upon issues like redrawing ethnic boundaries or dealing with the property claims of thousands of internally displaced people.

“What is happening today maybe gives a message that we can expect a very productive 2016,” said Alexis Galanos, the Greek Cypriot mayor-in-exile of Famagusta.

“I don’t want to be over-optimistic, because many times up to now we have been disappointed but there is all around a cautious optimism,” he told Reuters Television.

Background

Cyprus has been divided since 1974, despite repeat efforts under the auspices of the UN to bring the leaders of the Greek and Turkish Cypriot communities to the negotiating table.

Hopes for reunification were raised in 2002, when then-UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan suggested a two-part federation with a rotating presidency.

In an April 2004 referendum, the Greek Cypriots rejected - and the Turkish Cypriots approved - a UN-sponsored unity plan. The plan's failure disappointed EU officials, who had agreed to allow Cyprus to join the EU that year partly in the hope that doing so would encourage a solution. In May 2004, the Greek Cypriot-controlled Republic of Cyprus became a full member of the EU.

At their December 2004 summit, EU leaders agreed to open accession talks with Turkey on 3 October 2005. One of the conditions specified was for Ankara to extend a 1963 association agreement with the EU's predecessor, the European Economic Community, to the Union's 10 new member states. This group included the Greek Cypriot state, which is not recognised by Turkey.

In July 2005, Turkey signed a protocol extending its customs union to the EU-10 states, but at the same time Ankara issued a declaration saying that its signature did not mean it had recognised the Republic of Cyprus. Turkey also refused to open its ports and airports to Cyprus, as it claims the EU has fallen short of having direct trade with the unrecognised northern part of the island.