Tillerson urges Senate ratification of Montenegro’s NATO membership

The Prime Minister of Montenegro, Dusko Markovic visits NATO and meets with NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg. [NATO]

Secretary of State Rex Tillerson has written to the leaders of the US Senate urging the ratification of Montenegro as the newest member of the NATO alliance, saying it is “strongly in the interests of the United States”.

In a letter dated 7 March seen by Reuters, Tillerson argued that Montenegro’s membership in the alliance would support greater integration, democratic reform, trade, security and stability among its neighbours.

Moscow opposes any further expansion of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, and the delay in US approval of Montenegro’s accession has fueled questions about whether President Donald Trump’s White House, and his Republican Party, will stand up to Russia despite Trump’s closeness to Moscow.

Montenegro seeks assurance Trump won’t derail its NATO accession

Stuck in a geopolitical tug of war over its NATO bid, Montenegro wants the United States to guarantee that it will ratify its accession protocol. American diplomats told EURACTIV that the process will take time but that US policy should not change.

The letter emerged amid a flap over the new secretary of state’s relationship with the alliance.

Reuters reported on Monday (20 March) that Tillerson planned to skip a meeting with NATO foreign ministers next month in order to stay home for a visit by China’s president, while planning a visit to Russia later in April.

US prioritise Russia, China ties over NATO allies

US Secretary of State Rex Tillerson plans to skip a meeting with NATO foreign ministers next month in order to stay home for a visit by China’s president and will go to Russia later in April, US officials said yesterday (20 March), disclosing an itinerary that allies may see as giving Moscow priority over them.

On Tuesday (21 March), the Trump Administration reversed course and proposed new dates for the meeting, which had been set for 5-6 April in Brussels.

Montenegro, a former Yugoslav republic with a population of 650,000, hopes to win the required approval of all 28 NATO allies in time to become a full member at a summit in May. By early this month, 24 had approved. NATO members see Montenegro’s accession as a way to counter Russia’s efforts to expand its influence in the Balkans.

EU leaders concerned over ‘return of Balkan demons’

EU leaders voiced concern yesterday (9 March) about “external influences” fueling division in the western Balkans, as Britain announced a summit to focus efforts on stabilising a key region vulnerable to Russian meddling.

Objections from at least two Republican senators, Rand Paul and Mike Lee, have blocked a quick vote in the full US Senate for months and Senate leaders have not scheduled a more time-consuming roll-call vote.

Paul has questioned the wisdom of angering Russia and taking on the potential expense of approving NATO membership for a tiny country that could not play a significant role in defending the United States.

In his letter to the Senate’s Republican majority leader, Mitch McConnell, and copied to Chuck Schumer, the chamber’s top Democrat, Tillerson said it would be “immeasurably helpful” if the Senate scheduled a floor vote to complete ratification procedures in time for Trump’s participation in the May NATO summit.

“Montenegro’s participation in the May NATO Summit as full member, not as an observer, will send a strong signal of transatlantic unity,” Tillerson added.

“It is strongly in the interests of the United States that Montenegro’s membership in NATO be ratified,” he wrote.

A spokesman for McConnell said on Monday that no vote had yet been scheduled.

Montenegro’s NATO membership has already been approved by the Senate Foreign Relations Committee. Paul and Senator John McCain, one of the leading Russia hawks in the US Congress, had a heated exchange about the issue in the Senate last week.

Montenegro’s parliament ‘will vote for NATO by 59%’

Montenegro will finish the ratification procedure of its NATO accession with a vote in parliament in the coming months. Public opinion is evenly divided for and against NATO membership, but it is unlikely that a referendum will be called over the issue.

McCain said Paul was working for Russian President Vladimir Putin by blocking a quick vote on Montenegro. Paul called McCain “unhinged” and “past his prime”.