A Russian Soyuz-ST carrier rocket launched yesterday (3 April), the first satellite of the EU’s multibillion-euro Copernicus Earth observation project that will supply valuable images in the event of natural disasters, or even a plane crash.
This isthe seventh launch of Russian space rockets from the Kourou space centre in French Guiana. The Commission’s press release announcing the launch, however, makes no mention of the Russian role in the project.
The Sentinel-1a satellite, which blasted off into Earth’s orbit at 2102 GMT, will be used to monitor sea ice, oil spills and land use, and to respond to emergencies such as floods and earthquakes.
The satellite, which carries a 12-metre-long (40-foot-long) radar antenna, and has two 10 metre-long solar panels, is now orbiting the planet at 693 km (439 miles) above the earth.
The Copernicus project, for which the European Union and the European Space Agency (ESA) have committed funding estimated at €8.4 billion, until 2020, is described by the ESA as the most ambitious earth observation programme to date.
Copernicus is designed to supply data that can help policymakers develop environmental legislation or react to emergencies such as natural disasters or humanitarian crises.
“The Sentinels will keep a watchful eye on our planet,” Thomas Reiter, ESA director of human spaceflight and operations, and head of the ESA’s satellite control centre ESOC, said at the launch event in Darmstadt, near Frankfurt, where ESOC is based.
The launch of the Copernicus project became especially urgent after Europe lost contact with its Earth observation satellite Envisat in 2012, after 10 years.
“The big step forward is that we can now cover every place on Earth every three to six days,” Volker Liebig, director of ESA’s Earth Observation programme, said ahead of the launch.
“This used to take much longer with Envisat. If you want to use images for disaster management support, or to find a plane, then you want the images to be as fresh as possible.”
Liebig cautioned, hwoever, that one would first need to know roughly where a plane had crashed, which is not the case with the missing Malaysian Airlines jet.
Chris Reynolds, director of the Irish Coast Guard in Dublin, said authorities needed more satellite images and data delivered as quickly as possible to catch “the bad guys”, such as people who purposely dump oil from their ships, into the sea.
“At the moment, it’s very difficult to find out who has the data and to know what level of trust you can place in it,” he said at Thursday’s event.
Copernicus also offers new business opportunities.
Images can be downloaded free of charge, meaning companies can then use them to help deliver data to farmers on soil moisture or pest infestation, help oil companies decide where to drill new wells or make it easier for insurers to assess the risk of costly floods and fires.
Sentinel-1a, which will operate in tandem with a second satellite to be launched next year, Sentinel-1b, has high-tech instruments that will allow it to record radar images of Earth’s surface, even when the skies are cloudy or dark. As part of the Copernicus program, there will be 17 launches over the next decade.
Copernicus is one of the EU’s two flagship space programmes along with satellite-navigation initiative Galileo, which is meant to rival the dominant U.S. Global Positioning System, or GPS, Russia’s GLONASS and China’s new Beidou system.
The main suppliers for the first Sentinel are Italian-French venture Thales Alenia Space, for the satellite ,and Airbus Defence and Space, for the radar.