Non-EU citizens aged 20-64 were in 2013 twice as likely (21.3%) to be unemployed in one of the EU’s 28 member states compared to “nationals” (10.0%), new data from the EU’s statistics office Eurostat shows.
The data also revealed that the employment rate was 56.1% for non-EU citizens, compared with 68.9% for citizens of the reporting country.
But large differences can be found within member states.
In Sweden, which has the biggest gap, the employment rate for non-EU citizens was 50.2% compared with 81.3% for nationals (-31.1 percentage points), followed by Belgium (-28.8), the Netherlands (-26.8), France (-22.0), Finland (-20.5) and Germany (-20.2).
Meanwhile, some countries are experiencing a higher employment rate of non-EU citizens than for nationals, for example in Cyprus (66.8% for nationals compared with 74.3% for non-EU citizens), the Czech Republic (72.4% compared with 79.5%), Lithuania (69.8% compared with 70.8%) and Italy (59.5% compared with 60.1%).
The Eurostat data also highlighted that migrants from another EU country have the highest employment rate.
In 2013, the employment rate for citizens of another EU member state (70.9%) aged 20-64 was slightly higher than that for citizens of the reporting country (68.9%) in the bloc’s 28 countries.
The unemployment rate was bit higher (12.2) on average for citizens of another EU member state than for nationals (10.0%) though the share of long-term unemployment was however notably lower for citizens of another EU member state (40.0%) compared to the rate for nationals (49.4%).
The European labour market is confronted with a paradox: while confronted with a record unemployment in its member states, millions of jobs remain unfilled in many sectors key economic development.
Despite all efforts to bring down unemployment and match skills in the domestic labour force, Europe-based international companies and SMEs face huge problems to hire the people they need.