US President Barack Obama and German Chancellor Angela Merkel made a joint pitch on Sunday (22 April) for more transatlantic trade in the face of mounting opposition, vowing to complete a vast US-EU pact that could spur much-needed economic growth.
After talks in the northern city of Hanover, where tens of thousands marched Saturday (23 April) against the planned deal, Obama said the world’s largest trade pact could be finalised by the end of the year.
“Angela and I agree that the United States and the European Union need to keep moving forward with the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP) negotiations,” Obama said.
“I don’t anticipate that we will be able to have completed ratification of a deal by the end of the year, but I do anticipate that we can have completed the agreement.”
“Time is not on our side,” he conceded to business leaders at the Hanover Messe. “If we don’t complete negotiations this year, then upcoming political transitions in the United States and Europe would mean this agreement won’t be finished for quite some time.”
Both sides hope the pact will provide a shot in the arm to Western economies.
“As you see other markets like China beginning to develop and Asia beginning to develop and Africa growing fast, we have to make sure our businesses can compete,” Obama said.
Merkel echoed that sentiment, saying the deal would be “extremely helpful” for growth in Europe.
“It is good for the German economy, it is good for the European economy,” she said.
But Obama acknowledged there was popular opposition.
“People are unsettled by globalisation,” he said. “People visibly see a plant moving and jobs lost and the narrative develops that this is weakening rather than strengthening the position of ordinary people and ordinary workers.
“The benefits often times are diffused.”
Significant hurdles remain
Ahead of the meeting there was a sign of the significant hurdles that remain.
Merkel’s Economy Minister Sigmar Gabriel warned the deal “will fail” if the United States refused to make concessions in “buy American” clauses.
Obama’s trip ― perhaps his last official visit to Germany before leaving office in January ― coincides with the Hanover Messe, billed as the world’s largest industrial technology fair and demonstrating German engineering prowess.
Merkel said later in a speech to open the fair that she would throw her weight behind the TTIP talks “so that Europe can speed up the negotiations”, as Obama pledged that the pact would lift common environmental and labour standards.
Obama’s visit to Germany follows stops in Saudi Arabia and Britain, where he plunged headlong into the debate over membership of the European Union.
The president pitched in on the side of Prime Minister David Cameron, arguing that Britain would lose influence and trade opportunities if citizens vote to leave the EU in a June referendum.
During his seven years in the Oval Office, Barack Obama and Angela Merkel have grown closer, and Obama sees her, among European leaders at least, as his most senior peer.
Aides describe a meeting of minds, two leaders who take a cerebral and analytical approach to politics.
“I have valued Chancellor Merkel’s thinking and perspective on a whole range of global issues throughout my presidency,” Obama said.
“You have been a trusted partner throughout my entire presidency, longer than any world leader, and I value your judgement.”
Merkel was also, by her reticent standard, effusive in her praise.
“What you see is friendly, close, trusting cooperation that I am very pleased with, also because it helps solve international problems.”
But she refused to be drawn when asked whether she was concerned that she might soon have to work with Donald Trump, the leading Republican candidate for president, who has labeled her refugee policies “insane”. She said only that she was watching the American election campaign “with interest”.
Monday wrap up
Obama will wrap up his visit today (25 April) with a keynote speech designed to frame his vision of transatlantic relations and a meeting with Merkel and the leaders of Britain, France and Italy.
Despite the diplomatic niceties, the relationship between Obama and Merkel has had its rocky moments, with relations hitting a low in 2013 when it emerged that the US government had been tapping Merkel’s phone.
But officials point to the Ukraine conflict as a turning point that helped both leaders begin to work in tandem.
Negotiations between the United States and the European Union on the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership began in July 2013.
The guidelines stated that the EU should seek to include provisions on investment protection and investor-state dispute settlement (ISDS) in the proposed agreement.
>>Read our Special report: TTIP and the Arbitration Clause
If the treaty is signed, it will affect almost 40% of world GDP. The transatlantic market is already the most important in the world.
The deal could save companies millions of euros and create thousands of new jobs on both sides of the Atlantic. The average European household could save €545 per year and European GDP could increase by nearly 0.5%.