The EU’s energy commissioner, Günther Oettinger, has spoken out against a planned 40% cut in CO2 emissions across the EU by 2030, just a week after he helped to launch the policy.
Speaking at an ‘Industry Matters’ conference in Brussels, Oettinger said those who expected the cut to “save the world” were “arrogant or stupid”, and publicly questioned whether the reduction was even achievable.
“It’s an ambitious compromise and I am a little bit sceptical,” he told delegates at the conference, organised by the pan-European employers' confederation BusinessEurope.
“I have to be constructive as I’m a member of the team but I’m sceptical.”
The energy commissioner, who argued for a lesser 35% goal behind the scenes, said the EU was only on track to cut emissions 20% by the decades's end because of economic crisis and the closure of soviet-era plants in Eastern Europe.
“These were low-hanging fruits but there are no more now, so every percentage going down gets more difficult and cost-intensive,” he said. The EU was just responsible for 10.6% of global emissions today, a sum that would fall to 4.5% by 2030, he noted.
“To think that with this 4.5% of global emissions you can save the world is not realistic,” Oettinger said. “It is arrogant or stupid. We need a global commitment.”
The EU’s proposed 2030 package will now be discussed at a European summit of EU heads of state in March, before a new proposal is revealed in September, three months before an international climate summit meets in Lima, Peru.
A final package should then be agreed before July 2015, ahead of a climate summit in Paris that is supposed to forge a binding global agreement.
As well as addressing climate issues, Oettinger, a Christian Democrat from Germany, said that in the long-term Europe might import gas from Iraq, Nigeria, Libya and Qatar.
Shale gas 'pioneers'
He hailed the UK and Poland as cheap energy “pioneers” for their efforts to exploit shale gas and said that perhaps the US could export some of its shale here.
“Europe is on the way to deindustrialise and the US has a different strategy,” he said.
Oettinger’s speech did not chime with the Commission’s own recent ‘Trends to 2050’ analysis which forecast a 32% CO2 cut by 2030 under a business-as-usual scenario.
Environmentalists say that including surplus carbon allowances under the EU Emissions Trading System would take this figure to 40% without additional efforts. Friends of the Earth spokesman Brook Riley dubbed Oettinger’s remarks “utter nonsense”.
As a whole, the EU sees a strong commitment to cutting greenhouse gases as key to persuading other countries to make similar pledges.
EURACTIV understands that some of Oettinger’s colleagues reacted to his speech with laughter. “It is pretty outrageous,” one EU source said, “but it is how he has been behaving.”
“He has been consistent through this whole process,” the source added. “Unfortunately, he has been consistently wrong.”
Maria Van der Hoeven, the executive director of the International Energy Agency implicitly criticized a lack of focus on energy efficiency in the EU’s climate package. Energy savings should play a “central role” in any pragmatic strategy to reduce emissions, she said.
“The EU can foster investment in renewable energies and interconnections and support indigenous resource development, including from shale gas, but the key to adapting to higher energy prices in the longer term will be energy efficiency,” van den Hoeven told the conference.
“Efficiency can lower demand and affect relative competitiveness and market development,” she added.
But the commissioner’s rallying call was welcomed by Henryka Bochniarz, president of the Polish employers’ federation Lewiatan, who said that she did not usually feel very comfortable with EU bureaucrats but Oettinger’s missive was “what we have been lacking in the past”.
Emma Marcegaglia the president of BusinessEurope, Europe's employers association also backed Oettinger, saying that the 40% greenhouse gas target would only be seen as realistic if a global deal was signed at the UN climate conference in Paris.
“We must make sure we are not once again a lone frontrunner without followers, as has happened before,” she said.
Oettinger’s speech was a keynote part of a BusinesEurope conference, which launched a series of policy calls, including:
- Strengthened competitiveness in energy and climate policy by avoiding carbon leakage, setting realistic targets and expanding shale gas production
- Making labour markets more flexible by more consideration of employers’ needs
- Opening foreign markets through trade deals such as TTIP with the US
- Improving business access to finance
Speakers at the event including the EU Commission President José Manuel Barroso, the speaker of the European Parliament, Martin Schulz, and the industry commissioner Antonio Tajani, all of whom praised the platform.
Tajani noted that the EU CO2 reduction target still had to be approved by the EU's 28 member states and said that no new ‘carbon leakage’ rules would be applied on businesses before 2021 under the bloc’s new climate and energy package.
“This is a good message for a company,” he said.
The Greek prime minister, Antonis Samaras, said his country was “being transformed from a red tape economy to a red carpet economy for foreign investors”.
“Whatever the weather we have to move together,” Schulz told the assembled delegates, summing up a mood that coalesced around the need to relax EU regulations and weaken collective bargaining rights.
The EU’s 2030 climate and energy framework package was presented on 22 January 2014 as a successor to the three 20-20-20 targets of 20% greenhouse gas cuts, improvements in energy efficiency and renewable energy market penetration, all by 2020. The energy efficiency goal is non-binding and remains the only one the bloc is not on track to meet.
For 2030, the EU framework has proposed:
- A 40% greenhouse gas reduction target that is binding at nation state level and may not be met by carbon offsets
- The use of carbon offsets to meet further emissions reduction commitments made in international climate talks
- A 27% renewable energy target that is binding at an aggregate European level but voluntary for individual member states
- No consideration of any new energy efficiency target until after a June 2014 review of the Energy Efficiency Directive
- Non-binding shale gas recommendations which could be made binding after a review in 2015
- A market reserve facility for the Emissions Trading System, with the power to withhold or release up to 100 million allowances
- An end to the Fuel Quality Directive, which mandates reductions in the greenhouse gas intensity of transport fuels, by 2020
The package was widely received as a compromise reflecting the balance of power between various member states at the European Council. It will now be discussed by MEPs at the European Parliament and EU heads of state at the European Council before a final version is agreed.
- February 2014: European parliament Plenary will vote on their position on 2030 targets, which conflicts with the Commission's
- March 2014: EU Council will discuss climate and energy issues
- May 2014: New EU Parliament to be elected
- May 2014: EU member states must prepare schemes for their energy companies to deliver annual energy savings of 1.5% as part of the Energy Efficiency Directive
- June 2014: Review of progress towards meeting the 2020 energy efficiency target
- June 2014: EU Council will discuss energy and climate issues
- December 2014: International climate summit in Lima, Peru
- December 2015: International climate summit in Paris, France due to sign off on global agreement
- 2020: Deadline for new international climate deal to come into effect
- 2020: Deadline for EU states to meet binding targets for 20% cuts in greenhouse gas emissions, improvements in energy efficiency, and market share for renewable energy
Council of the EU
Business & Industry
- Letter by 61 companies to the European Commission calling for 2030 targets
- European Wind Energy Association
NGOs and Think-Tanks
- EURACTIV Slovakia: Plány EÚ o dekarbonizácii do roku 2050 sa rúcajú
- EURACTIV France: Échec à l'horizon pour les objectifs climat de 2050
- EURACTIV Germany: Parlament fordert verbindliche Energie- und Klimaziele bis 2030
EURACTIV Czech Rep Šéf EU pro energetiku: Se snižováním emisí se zapotíme