Scottish people could lose European Union citizenship if the region wins independence from the United Kingdom, European Commission President José Manuel Barroso has suggested.
Nationalists believe an independent Scotland would have no problem remaining in the European Union.
Barroso has said any country winning independence from a current EU member state would have to renegotiate its membership.
“In the hypothetical event of a secession of a part of an EU member state, the solution would have to be found and negotiated within the international legal order,” he said in recent remarks.
Unionist politicians jumped on the statement, which they said meant an independent Scotland risked losing EU membership.
David Martin, a Labour MEP and the party's spokesman on constitutional affairs, said membership was not automatic.
"An independent Scotland's membership of the EU is far from clear, and there is no precedent to suggest membership would be automatic," Martin said.
“President Barroso’s recent comment reflects what the European Commission has been saying for a long time," he said, adding that the situation is "certainly not as clear-cut as the SNP would like to believe."
Martin added the European Commission, the European Parliament and all member states would have to agree to Scotland becoming a new member.
A Scottish flag in Brussels
But the Scottish Government have said there is nothing in Barroso’s response that suggests Scotland will not retain its place in the EU.
SNP MEP Alyn Smith said unionist parties were scare-mongering.
“The president has made it clear he is not going to get involved in these discussions because this is a matter for the people of Scotland. It is utterly inconceivable this could be any other way," Smith said. “Membership is a formality and the people of Scotland will decide.”
European Commission spokesman Olivier Bailly said today (11 September) that an independent Scotland would be left outside the union, at least temporarily.
“Any secession process for member states will have to be organised according to international law so that this new organisation gets recognition from the international community,” Bailly said.
“Then if they want to apply for EU membership this will have to be done by treaty regarding provision for accession.”
But he added, “All that is speculative and we have not received any request so far.”
“Our EU membership is absolutely crucial to Scottish jobs and the economy, and so far the SNP's unfounded claims on Scottish membership do not tally with the advice we have received from the European Commission,” said David Martin, a Labour MEP and the party's spokesman on constitutional affairs.
Scotland has been a nation within the United Kingdom (UK) since the UK was founded in 1707. The current Scottish Parliament was founded 10 years ago as part of the process of devolution within the UK, which created regional assemblies in Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland, to give the regions greater autonomy. The Scottish Parliament has control over some parts of policy, such as education and health, and can create its own laws on these issues.
The Scottish National Party (SNP), which leads the devolved government, is campaigning for Scottish independence. The SNP claims that Scotland needs a stronger voice in Europe and beyond to properly represent its social, political and economic interests.
Scottish ministers complain that issues important to them are often sidelined by the UK government based in London, and representation for Scotland is lost or diluted when the interests of the UK are represented internationally.
The Scottish government has put forward several issues on which it believes the interests of their nation would be better served as an independent state within the EU, including diplomatic relations, energy policy, fisheries and environmental policy.
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