Support among Britons for staying in the European Union is at its highest in 23 years, according to a poll on Wednesday (October 22), even though the anti-EU UK Independence Party (UKIP) is gaining in popularity.
Under pressure from UKIP and Eurosceptic members of his Conservative party, British Prime Minister David Cameron has pledged to hold a referendum in 2017 on Britain’s EU membership if his Conservative party wins an election next year.
But the poll by Ipsos MORI showed just over half of Conservative supporters favoured staying in the EU, indicating Cameron has a fine line to tread and could risk losing support by taking too hard line an approach to Europe.
Among the other parties, 73% of supporters of the opposition Labour party and 82% of backers of the Liberal Democrats, the government’s junior coalition partner, favour EU membership.
By contrast, just 11% of supporters of UKIP, which earlier this month won its first elected seat in parliament, said they would vote to stay in.
Overall, 56% of Britons would back staying in the EU, compared with 36% who would choose to leave.
That was the highest level of support for Britain’s EU membership since 1991, and showed a switch from 2012, when more people said they wanted to exit the bloc than remain in.
An opinion poll conducted in February 2013 showed 50% of Britons would vote “out” against 33% “in” and 17% who would not vote either way.
“Support for Britain’s membership is up significantly since the depths of the eurozone debt crisis in 2011, although that does not mean that the public simply want the relationship to stay the same,” said Gideon Skinner, Ipos MORI’s head of political research.
Cameron, who has seen UKIP’s opinion poll support rise to double figures and two of his lawmakers defect to the anti-EU party, has promised to renegotiate Britain’s ties with the 28-nation bloc, before the proposed 2017 referendum.
One in three of those surveyed by Ipsos MORI said they would like Britain to be part of an economic community in Europe without political links. Only 14% said they would like to see closer integration with EU member states.
Cameron has long said he would like Britain to stay in a reformed EU, but British Foreign Secretary Philip Hammond said last week the bloc would have to come up with a meaty reform deal if it wanted to avoid Britain leaving.
UK Prime Minister David Cameron promised to offer Britons a simple ‘in-out’ referendum on whether to stay in the European Union if he wins the next election in 2015.
Cameron's referendum pledge, made in a landmark speech in in January 2013, appeared to resonate with public opinion at the time.
An opinion poll conducted in February that year showed 50% of Britons would vote “out” against 33% “in” and 17% who would not vote either way.
- May 2015: National elections to be held in the UK
- 2017: Likely date for Britain to hold a referendum on whether to stay or leave the EU
- Ipsos MORI: Support for EU membership highest for 23 years, even as UKIP rises in the polls (22 Oct. 2014)
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