EU’s energy efficiency review puts high target on agenda

Model of Tianjin’s futuristic eco-city. (Alicia Crain and city of Tianjin/Flickr)

EXCLUSIVE / A 40% energy efficiency target for 2030 would grow Europe’s economy at a rate of 4% a year, spark an annual 3.15% boost in employment and cut fossil fuel imports by €505 billion a year, say sources with access to a report prepared for the EU’s forthcoming energy efficiency review.  

The 40% efficiency gain would also cut gas use by 42.2% and gas imports by 40% they say, a finding which will concentrate minds in Brussels, the day after Russia cut off gas supplies to Ukraine for non-payment of a €1.44 billion debt, which Kiev views as politically motivated.

The EU’s impact assessment estimates the economic effects of a range of efficiency targets – from none at all to the 40% figure - and in all models, the higher energy savings goals return the highest economic benefits.

In the chemicals sector for instance, a 40% efficiency target would increase employment by 4.1%, a 35% goal would hoist it 2.2%, a 30% target would give a 1.1% lift, while a 25% business-as-usual scenario would deliver a smaller 0.4% increase.

“Setting a binding objective for energy efficiency can help to achieve three major policy objectives at once: decreasing European dependency on fuel imports, lowering the EU’s CO2-emissions and boosting growth and jobs,” one EU diplomat told EurActiv. 

“We know the contribution that energy efficiency can make to the 2030 objectives and the position of our minister is positive on this,” said another. 

However, the UK and some eastern European states are less enthusiastic, viewing a higher target as a costly drag on economic growth.  An official from the UK’s Department of Climate Change recently said that a binding efficiency target “would not be acceptable to the UK as it could force EU member states to implement measures that are not cost-effective and have negative consequences for the carbon price.”

In the impact assessment, the EU’s number crunchers say that electricity price increases for higher carbon-cutting targets would be real, ranging from €181/MWh by 2030 with a 40% energy savings target, to €179/MWh with a sole 40% greenhouse gas target.  Electricity prices across Europe in 2010 were €134/MWh.

But British consensus against an efficiency target has been challenged, with the country’s 1.3 million member-strong public sector workers’ union Unison, last week urging a free nationwide energy audit of homes as an alternative to the government’s preferred strategy of a dash for gas.

The EU Commission President José Manuel Barroso will host a meeting with his fellow Commissioners tomorrow (18 June) to discuss the report, ahead of its journey into the inter-service consultation process.  

French ambition

At this stage it is unclear how much support the UK has for its opposition to an energy saving target and much may depend on whether final metrics to calculate the goal are defined in terms of energy intensity - energy output as a proportion of GDP - or energy efficiency, which involves absolute cuts to energy usage.

A French ‘non-paper’ on 2030 targets, which EurActiv has seen, calls for “an ambitious European proposal on energy efficiency,” complete with details for funding through the European Investment Bank and International Financial Institutions.

The proposal should “step up and accelerate measures to apply eco-design and energy labelling directives, so as to respond to the mass development of household electrical appliances in recent years,” the paper says.

A separate internal Swedish government memo on energy dependence, also seen by EurActiv, calls for ambitious efficiency measures and echoes the International Energy Agency in describing it as the world’s “first fuel” – the one that is not used.

“The accumulated energy savings from efficiency measures in a single year can exceed the output from any other single fuel source,” the memo says. “Energy efficiency makes economic sense.”

It calls for the heating sector to be given special attention, singling out “upgrading and expanding cost effective district heating systems” particularly in eastern Europe, where buildings tend to lose up to half their heat due to aging designs.

Ukraine’s energy intensity is 11 times higher than the EU average, it notes, a situation sustained by heavy importing of Russian fuel.

As a whole, Europe currently imports €421 billion of fossil fuels annually, a growing sum which would translate to the exhaustion of the continent’s independent domestic fuel supplies by 18 June this year, according to energy savings campaigners.

  • 18 June: German and Danish governments host 2030 targets workshop in Brussels
  • 26 June: European Council expected to discuss climate and energy targets for 2030
  • September: EU Energy Efficiency Review expected to be published
  • September: UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-Moon hosts climate summit in New York
  • October: European Council expected to agree 2030 climate and energy targets
  • December: UNFCCC Climate Summit in Lima, Peru
  • Dec. 2015: UNFCCC Climate Summit in Paris expected to agree outline of global legally-binding climate treaty
  • 2020: Deadline for EU to meet target of 20% greenhouse gas reduction as measured against 1990 levels, a 20% share for renewable energy in the bloc's energy mix, and a non-binding goal of a 20% energy efficiency improvement, measured against 2005 levels


Mike Parr's picture

An official from the UK’s Department of Climate Change "a binding efficiency target “would not be acceptable to the UK as it could force EU member states to implement measures that are not cost-effective.”"

Readers unfamiliar with the UK's DECC may not realise that the name is something of a misnomer - in fact DECC is part of EdF - think of it as a "wholly owned subsidiary". Naturally it is pro-nuclear and thus anything (including energy efficiency) that challenges the twin objectives of more nuclear and fracking is absolutely forbidden.

It is not just words that DECC and the UK's political "elite" use to oppose energy efficiency. Energy efficiency policies launched by what passes for the current government have been 100% total failures - these were not accidents - the policies were designed to fail.

But don't believe me - this is what Prime Minister Camoron recently said "I want to cut all this green crap" (compare & contrast: 2010 Moron-Con: "this will be the greenest government ever").

& there you have it on a plate - Moron-con wants UK citizens wasting energy so his Tory-Vermin party can get more money from its sponsors - the oil & gas industry as well as building a new generation of nuclear stations that will see a net transfer of wealth from UK citizens to the French state. Note also : nobody anywhere in the UK political classes (exception: Greens) talks about this transfer of wealth - indeed, the Labour-scum party is amazingly silent.

Joe Thorpe's picture

The obvious result of this is less output & at a greater cost so I dont see where the growth will come from? Jobs that create wealth & pay taxes will be replaced by jobs that are created & paid for with taxes yet the tax pot will be reduced because this daft agenda will drive the wealth creators out of the EU. What is the unemployment rate in the EU again?