German MEP Manfred Weber elected as next EPP chairman
Ten days after the European elections, Lower Bavarian MEP Manfred Weber has been selected to serve as chairman of the EPP Group in the European Parliament. The politician hails from the conservative Christian Social Union (CSU), advocating that the party take an “aggressively pro-European” path. EurActiv Germany reports.
The centre-right European People’s Party (EPP) Group in the European Parliament has elected Bavarian Christian Social Union (CSU) MEP Manfred Weber as its new chairman.
The CDU/CSU Group – consisting of German Chancellor Angela Merkel's Christian Democratic Union and its smaller Bavarian sister the CSU – unanimously nominated the 41-year-old for the leading post. Weber was voted in on Wednesday (4 June) with 190 of 192 votes.
As a result, the EPP Group is the first political group in the European Parliament to have constituted itself following European elections at the end of May.
After today’s EPP vote, Weber is set to succeed former MEP Joseph Daul (UMP) from France, who did not run in the 2014 elections.
"As the leading political group in the European Parliament, voters gave us a task and a mandate to address the key challenges Europe has to face,” said Weber, who served as vice-chairman of the EPP Group until now.
“These include the EU's contribution to creating the right conditions for economic growth and new jobs, especially for the young generation, and continuing our work to stabilise financial markets," he said.
Weber, who was born in the Bavarian town of Niederhatzkofen, is a member of the CSU's party's executive board and the presiding committee, belonging to the inner leadership circles of the CSU.
In 2004 he moved into the European Parliament as an MEP and since then has served on the Committee for Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs as well as the Committee for Regional Development.
‘Aggressive and positive Europe policy’
As the only directly-elected European institution, the European Parliament also has to play a leading role in strengthening citizens' trust in the EU, Weber said.
"In order to improve the transparency of decision-making processes, we need clear-cut responsibilities. European citizens must know who is responsible for what. This also includes binding commitments and policy goals," the Bavarian politician explained.
From 2006 to 2009 Weber was internal affairs spokesman for the EPP-ED Group. Since 2006 he has been a member of the EPP Group's leadership. After the European elections in 2009 he was elected Vice-Chair of the EPP Group.
Weber holds fast to conservative values and is simultaneously pushing for an "aggressive and positive Europe policy" from the CSU. In 2011, he reprimanded then CSU Secretary-General Alexander Dobrindt for the latter's EU-critical positions, which Weber perceived as a threat to his party's positive approach to Europe.
As a proclaimed opponent of the EU's planned Anti-Discrimination Directive, Weber criticised it as a "massive infringement of nationhood", which would only create additional bureaucratic cost. In the legal debate over data retention, he spoke in favour of comprehensive collection and storage of data from users of electronic telecommunications services.
In the wake of the attacks in Norway in July 2011, Weber called for Europe-wide deletion of extremist websites.
‘Play by our rules’
The conservative MEP also is also calling for an end to the Safe Harbor Agreement between the EU and the United States. The agreement currently allows US firms active in the EU to transmit personal data - including birthplace, telephone numbers or email addresses - of EU citizens to the US.
"The US and US companies must, with respect to EU citizens and the European market, finally play by our rules," Weber told Spiegel Online last year.
Concerning internal affairs, Weber decidedly supports his party's political position. Not long ago, he defended the CSU in the face of accusations that this year's campaign against poverty migration was politically motivated.
"We are the best campaigners against populists because we work out solutions", he said at a small CSU party convention on 10 May. The demand to fight social abuse by migrants found its way into the European plan, he said.
On Thursday (5 June), the EPP's top candidate for the Commission Presidency post, Jean-Claude Juncker, is scheduled to speak to the EPP's members in the European Parliament.
The European elections were held in all EU countries in May 2014. The Lisbon Treaty states that the European Parliament shall elect the commission president on the basis of a proposal made by the European Council, taking into account the European elections (Article 17, Paragraph 7 of the TEU). This will apply for the first time in the 2014 elections.
The European Parliament, parties and many others have pushed for European political parties to nominate their front-runners in the election campaigns. This will make the European elections a de facto race for Commission president, politicise the campaigns and could increase voter turnout, they say.
But others have argued that the European parties’ push for their own candidates may not be the best solution. Raising expectations could easily lead to disappointment, Herman Van Rompuy has repeatedly said, calling for caution in case the council chooses another candidate than the winning party’s frontrunner.