EU-US clash over financial services in TTIP
SPECIAL REPORT / The US Ambassador to the EU told the European Commissioner for Trade today (15 May) that there is hardly any chance that financial services will be included in a future Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP).
Commissioner Karel De Gucht, responding to a question put by EurActiv at the European Business Summit (EBS), said the EU would continue to push for financial services to be part of the landmark trade deal. But Anthony Gardner said the US Treasury’s position was clear.
To a backdrop of anti-TTIP protests outside the summit, both men said they wanted the final TTIP deal agreed by the end of next year and before the US elections. This was technically feasible and there was a window of political opportunity, De Gucht said.
Both also launched blistering attacks on NGOs and other organisations, who they accused of spreading “lies” through “social media.” The commissioner also blamed European Parliament electioneering for colouring the debate over the landmark trade deal.
He said, “You should not underestimate that this is now all mixed up with the European elections. You have the campaigns by the social media, groups using the social media, a number of NGOs spreading sometimes, I would say, complete lies, for example on hormone meat.
“This has now been taken over by, let’s say the left side, not all of it, but part of the left side of the political spectrum, the Greens, and also a number of far-left groups, who see in fact the TTIP as a topic to be discussed in the European elections and beaten in the European elections.”
De Gucht criticised the Social-democrat Commission presidential candidate, Martin Schulz, for saying negotiations should be suspended because of the elections. The parliament was regularly and would continue to be regularly informed, he said.
He added: “If someone of such a stature says this, it has an impact […] okay, this is a political battle and it is one I wish to win.”
EU-US divergent views
De Gucht added that an agreement over broad principles in a free trade agreement for financial services would ensure that EU and US regulation would be finalised in a consistent manner.
“We are of the opinion that financial services should be part of TTIP, obviously the US side is very reluctant to do so, claiming we have discussions in the Basel Committee and that is enough,” he stressed.
The Basel Committee is a global standard setter for banking regulation.
“We need to agree ways to go forward to translate agreed principles. We are going to continue pressing for that,” De Gucht added.
Ambassador Gardner said that the EU and the US shared a common interest in making sure regulation is consistent and that it largely was.
“The dialogue is being continued in various fora. We think the discussion is important and can continue on that basis […] we don’t see the need for financial services to be part of TTIP," Gardner added, noting that the US Dodd-Frank act, its translation of existing Basel standards for banks, was moving at a faster pace than its EU equivalent.
“This is more of a question of timing rather than substance, isn’t that fair to say?,” he asked De Gucht. “No it’s not fair to say,” answered De Gucht, “It’s very difficult to avoid discrepancies in the way we currently work together."
“We would stress we need a common approach to avoid discrepancies in the future. I don’t really agree with the Dodd-Frank argument. A major part of Dodd-Frank is before several courts in the United States. It’s not a problem we can’t solve together,” he added.
De Gucht was backed by Tim Bennett, Director-General of the Transatlantic Business Council, who said his organisation supported the inclusion of financial services.
Including it would create an obligation to consult on the principles when drafting financial services regulation, he said. “There is still time for this to come back into negotiations,” he said, “You gain more by having it in.”
But Gardner poured cold water on those hopes. He said: “There is an interest to ensure we remain aligned. Financial services is a key industry, a key creator of jobs on both sides of the Atlantic.
“The Treasury has been very clear on this issue and I don’t see frankly, much chance for a change in their position.”
TTIP is touted by its supporters as the first 21st Century trade agreement, which will set a standard for all future agreements to follow.
NGOs and social media
The ambassador and commissioner agreed that NGOs and civil society organisations were spreading disinformation about TTIP through social media, such as Twitter and Facebook. De Gucht said that a number of campaigners were "spreading rumours on false grounds.”
Gardner added: “There’s a void [in information]. The void is being filled more and more by social media.”
Referring to the protests outside the Brussels event, he said: “I bet you one thing; that the protestors outside were not holding a poster saying ‘we want a job,’ but they should have been.”
He insisted that TTIP would bring Europe much needed growth and promised to be “proactive” and “aggressive” in getting that message out there. Bennett added: “The NGOs have put out substantial amounts of misinformation [...] some of it is legitimate but a lot of the stuff is just plain wrong.”
Examples cited included that TTIP would force Europeans to eat “chickens washed in chlorine” or GM foods.
Negotiations between the US and the EU on the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP) started in July 2013.
If successful, the deal would cover more than 40% of global GDP and account for large shares of world trade and foreign direct investment. The EU-US trade relationship is already the biggest in the world. Traded goods and services are worth €2 billion.
TTIP would be the biggest bilateral trade deal ever negotiated, resulting in millions of euros of savings for companies and creating hundreds of thousands of jobs. It is claimed that the average European household would gain an extra €545 annually, and that Europe's economy would be boosted by around 0.5% of GDP, if such a deal was fully implemented.
Brussels and Washington have set an ambitious goal of completing negotiations by the end of 2014.
- 19-23 May: Fifth round of TTIP negotiations