Security

"Je suis Charlie" - mourning at the French Embassy in Berlin for the victims of the massacre at the French magazine "Charlie Hebdo"

From 9/11 to Charlie Hebdo: The EU’s response to terrorism

The European Union has pledged closer cooperation in the fight against terrorism following the killing at Charlie Hebdo, building on measures already taken in the wake of the 9/11 terrorist attacks in the US, and subsequent bombings in Madrid and London. EURACTIV gives a round-up of existing and upcoming initiatives.

Digital 19-11-2012

Cybersecurity: Protecting the digital economy

Online security cannot be taken for granted as hackers and cyber attackers continue to outdo software engineers. Although there are means of beefing up security, including hardware and server backups, remote security controls, filtering and encryption, the scale and risk of attacks is becoming more pronounced and political.

Transport 05-09-2008

Aviation security

Tighter security measures in airports and planes were adopted to fend off terrorist threats, but airlines warn they could also result in higher costs for passengers at a time when soaring fuel bills are already driving up prices.

12-12-2007

Galileo

The Galileo satellite navigation system is the European civil alternative to the US Global Positioning System (GPS) and the Russian GLONASS, both funded and controlled by military authorities.

Digital 17-09-2007

Internet Security

Security in the online world is essential for the internet to realise its economic potential - but experts agree that there is no simple solution to a problem that has multiple dimensions: technological, societal, economic and psychological.

Climate change 29-08-2007

Environmental crime

EU policy-makers have put in place legislation to ensure that sanctions are enforced against those causing deliberate or negligent damage to the environment, following eight years of negotiations. 

Transport 05-07-2007

Transport security

The terrorist attacks in the USA, Spain and London forced countries all over the world to strengthen their transport security measures but there is not always agreement on how far such measures can go before becoming invasive and over-expensive.

13-12-2006

Critical infrastructure

The atrocities of 11 September 2001 in New York, the Madrid train bombing in 2004 and the London Underground attacks in July 2005 have indicated terrorists' willingness to target infrastructures such as transport, energy and communication. On 12 December 2006, the European Commission adopted a Communication to improve the protection of European Critical Infrastructure (ECI) from terrorism.

Brexit 01-12-2005

EU Battlegroups [Archived]

An important part of the EU’s military ambitions is to have the capability to react fast and forcefully in trouble spots outside EU territory. In 2004 the Military Capabilities Commitment Conference formally launched the concept of EU Battlegroup units of 1500 troops to enable the EU to carry out such tasks.

Politics 26-10-2005

Illegal immigration, asylum and border control

The EU policy is to develop a common system for immigration and asylum and a single external border control strategy. The aim is a common asylum policy, working towards the long-term resident status of refugees and developing the return and readmissions policy. 

19-05-2005

Hague programme – JHA programme 2005-10

The Hague programme is a five-year programme for closer co-operation in justice and home affairs at EU level from 2005 to 2010. It aims to make Europe an area of freedom, security and justice. The programme's main focus is on setting up a common immigration and asylum policy for the 25 EU member states.

18-05-2005

Biometrics & democracy [Archived]

Biometrics are becoming more and more prominent in discussions about how society will look in the future. This dossier looks at their projected use in voting systems across Europe.

10-05-2005

Border control – one single EU border

One of the fundamental principles of the EU project is free movement: EU citizens should be able to move freely and easily between member states. This means the withering away of borders within the Union and, concomitantly, the strengthening of controls at external borders. 

Anti-terrorism Policy

With the suicide bombing attacks on London in July 2005, anti-terrorism has become the absolute top priority for the UK Presidency (June-December 2005) and for Europe. The EU anti-terrorism policy, in place since the 2001 US attacks and extended after the 2004 bombings in Madrid, is being stepped up and will be updated on an ongoing basis.

16-02-2005

Transatlantic relations [Archived]

EU-US relations have been on a somewhat bumpy ride in recent years with disagreements over issues ranging from the Iraq-war to the Kyoto Treaty and the International Criminal Court. These matters, however, are only a small part of an otherwise well functioning US-EU relationship. After the re-election of President George W. Bush in November 2004 there has been a sustained effort on both sides of the Atlantic to get relations back on track. During the European tour of President Bush in February 2005, which included a first ever visit to EU institutions in Brussels, it became clear that both parties had decided to overcome the previous animosity.  This was further underlined by the international conference on Iraq on 22 June in Brussels, which was co-hosted by the US and the EU. 

12-01-2005

Biometrics and secure travel documents

The EU is seeking to improve the security of travel documents in the fight against terrorism and illegal immigration. From 2005, EU countries will begin to introduce biometric data into newly-issued passports. Similar proposals for visas and residence permits are being hampered by technical difficulties.

EU defence equipment policy [Archived]

The EU's defence equipment policy aims to promote the implementation of the European Security and Defence Policy (ESDP), the improvement of the Union's abilities to fulfill the Petersberg Tasks and the strengthening of European defence companies' industrial situation. The 2006 Code of conduct is paving the way for a partial ending of the defence industry's general exemption from EU's public procurement rules.   

EU Security and Defence Policy [Archived]

The project of developing an independent European Security and Defence Policy (ESDP) was launched by the Cologne European Council on 3-4 June 1999 as a distinctive part of the EU's Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP). The aim of ESDP is to complete and thus strengthen the EU's external ability to act through the development of civilian and military capabilities for international conflict prevention and crisis management. The central vision behind it is outlined in the security strategy document  'A secure Europe in a better world'  by Javier Solana, Secretary General of the Council. 

03-07-2004

Dutch Presidency: Priorities [Archived]

The priorities of the Dutch presidency are further EU enlargements, justice and home affairs, giving the EU a wider role in external relations, the sustainable growth of the European economy and the financial perspectives for the period 2007-2013.

15-03-2004

Fight against organised crime [Archived]

The issue of organised crime has, since the 2004 Madrid bombings and the 2005 London attacks, taken a back seat to the overriding priority of the fight against terrorism. However, drugs and human trafficking are still policy priorities.

Politics 10-03-2004

Biometrics [Archived]

The EU is seeking to improve the security of travel documents to fight against terrorism and illegal immigration. Proposals are being discussed to include biometric identifiers in documents for third country nationals (visa and residence permits) and EU citizens' passports.

23-02-2003

Iraq War [Archived]

The Iraq war has led to strong divisions within the European Union and increased tensions between Europe and the United States. This LinksDossier provides links to daily news coverage from American, European and Arab sources, to think tank studies on post-Saddam Iraq, and to weblogs from journalist at the front.

Politics 18-09-2001

Terrorist attack on the US [Archived]

LinksDossier about 9.11.2001 : facts, analyses and comments.