David O’Brien, director of flight and ground operations for Ryanair, the low-cost Irish carrier, said national monopolies over air traffic control contribute to travel delays and lack of progress on the EU’s efforts to create a Single European Sky (SES).
“We are full of despair,” O’Brien said of the airline industry, which backs efforts to revamp air traffic management and a costly plan to standardise guidance technology.
O’Brien spoke at a hearing on the status of the SES, an umbrella of laws and goals that took effect in 2004 and 2009. A new effort, called SESII+, aims at speedier implementation of the earlier initiatives.
“Airlines probably aren’t here today because they probably don’t think it’s worthwhile to be here,” said O’Brien, one of two airline executives to speak at the hearing.
Ryanair, Europe’s second-largest carrier behind Germany’s Lufthansa, is often at odds with competitors but nonetheless shares concerns about the slow progress in areas such as consolidated air traffic control.
O’Brien said the efforts had been “hijacked” by national authorities and called for reforms aimed at making air traffic management across Europe competitive.
‘Long way’ from SES
Europe’s top transportation official, Siim Kallas, has conceded that ambitious plans to consolidate a hotchpotch air traffic management system are faltering, hampered by member states that are resisting loss of control.
Kallas, the European Commission vice president in charge of transport, has vowed to take “every possible action” to enforce one of the centerpieces of SES, the agreement to merge national air traffic control space into nine functional airspace blocks, or FABs.
Most EU countries missed a 4 December 2012 deadline to create the FABs.
Kallas, speaking at the SES hearing at the European Economic and Social Committee, acknowledged that “we are a long way from creating a single European airspace”.
The Commission is now pursuing infringement actions against governments that defied the FAB deadline, he said.
The EU executive estimates that eliminating today’s multi-jurisdictonal system would save airlines €5 billion annually because they could save fuel, and reduce their environmental impact, by flying more direct routes.
Turbulent times for industry
Lufthansa chief executive Christoph Franz, told the Association of European Airlines in a 24 May 2012 speech that he was “furious that the largest EU member states are simply not delivering” on their commitments.
The failure to implement FABs has also angered supporters in the European Parliament, including Brian Simpson, who chairs the transport committee.
Ecology groups also have endorsed efforts to end the partition of air traffic control along national lines, seeing it as a way to counter the growing rate of aviation emissions.
The European Commission in turn has estimated that cutting flight delays by 30 seconds could save some €920 million through 2014 while reducing airline carbon emissions by up to 12% annually.
A patchwork of flight control
Currently, aircraft must be vectored along indirect routes to avoid crossing virtual borders or can face delays in hand-offs from one national controller to another. FABs would in effect erase some of those boundaries, with controllers handling regional blocks without regard to national airspace.
EU governments – along with Bosnia, Croatia, Norway and Switzerland – were to cooperate in regional groupings to create the nine FABs by 4 December. A programme to upgrade air traffic management, called SESAR, is being undertaken through Eurocontrol, an organisation that includes EU states and 12 other nations.
Denmark and Sweden have made the most progress in developing their joint FAB, followed by Britain and Ireland, according to a report prepared for the European Parliament.
Sovereignty issues as well as labour concerns are the main source of inaction, officials have said, with trade unions representing controllers resisting possible consolidation.
Some governments have also resisted allowing foreign controllers to handle air traffic over military installations.