Key dates

Work in the European Parliament’s eighth term ends on 18 April 2019. In a direct vote on 23-26 May, citizens in 27 EU member states will elect 705 MEPs to form the new House.

In the coming 12 months and 16 plenary sessions, Parliament in its current form (751 MEPs from 28 member states) will debate and vote on many crucial legislative proposals, including the EU’s next long-term budget and the UK’s “Brexit” withdrawal agreement (more on past and upcoming decisions below). MEPs’ “Future of Europe” debates with EU leaders are set to attract growing public attention as the election campaigns get under way.

Future of Europe: Europe’s leaders discuss ways forward with MEPs

At the invitation of Parliament’s President Antonio Tajani,  EU heads of state or  government will continue debating  their visions of Europe’s future with MEPs and EU Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker during plenary sessions. Past contributions  by Mark Rutte(Netherlands), Xavier Bettel (Luxembourg), Charles Michel (Belgium), Emmanuel Macron(France), António Costa (Portugal), Andrej Plenković (Croatia) and Leo Varadkar (Ireland) will be followed by debates with Mateusz Morawiecki (Poland), Alexis Tsipras (Greece), Jüri Ratas (Estonia), Klaus Iohannis (Romania), Angela Merkel (Germany), Lars Løkke Rasmussen (Denmark) and Pédro Sanchez (Spain).

State of the Union: Commission President Juncker’s legacy

At the September 2018 plenary session, Jean-Claude Juncker, who became President of the European Commission after his party won most seats in 2014 European elections, will deliver his last “State of the Union” (SOTEU) speech and defend his political legacy in a debate on the outgoing Commission’s work, attended by all Commissioners. Read more on the assessment of the Commission’s performance to date.

Parliament has to vote on UK withdrawal bill

The EU Commission negotiating team and the UK government are expected to conclude the Brexit negotiations in the autumn. The European Parliament will need to approve the agreement by a simple majority of votes cast (article 50 (2) of the Treaty). For this reason it is closely informed of the proceedings, even if it has no formal role in the negociations. Britain’s membership of the European Union is set to lapse as of 29 March 2019. Read more about Parliament’s debates and resolutions online on Brexit.

Citizens’ debates on Europe’s future

People between 16 and 30 years old held the first pan-European citizens’ debate on the future of Europe, in Strasbourg on 1 and 2 June, as part of the  2018 “European Youth Event” (EYE2018), hosted by Parliament but run by young people for young people. In some 400 activities, workshops and idea-labs, more than 8,000 young people from all parts of Europe and the world expressed their view and expectations. Read more.

The EYE2018 report will wrap up the debates and its most striking ideas will be presented by their proponents in special youth hearings in parliamentary committees before the end of the year.

Democracy alive: open public debate based on facts

Parliament’s services will use both traditional and digital campaign tools to inform European citizens about past achievements and the challenges ahead, to allow for informed debate on what makes the EU valuable to them and where it needs change to deliver benefits for all – on local, regional, national and cross-border levels. A non-partisan platform “This time I’m” has been set up continue the debate and motivate more people to get involved, get informed and make their voices heard during the European elections in May 2019.

Parliament’s communication services, in particular its liaison offices in all member states, will act as information hubs tailored to local needs. They will support public debate by offering local platforms, easy-to-access online tools, seminars and information material (such as an application on the impact of EU legislation in each and every region, available at the end of 2018). Quick-response services such as Ask EPFAQ#EUandME (by the European Commission) are available in all languages.

For contact details, check Multimedia content and services.

Monitoring public opinion

Throughout the next 12 months, Parliament will also deliver further Eurobarometer surveysof public opinion (planned in May, October, March) monitoring citizens’ expectations, common trends and national differences. In the run-up to the elections, polls on voting intentions in the EU27 will be published bi-monthly and then weekly  during the last month before the vote.

Major legislative decisions in the past 4 years (non exhaustive)

CETA: MEPs back EU-Canada trade agreementParliament backs EU directive on use of Passenger Name Records (PNR)MEPs clamp down on wasteful use of plastic carrier bagsOpening up the online payments market, so as to reduce fees and fraud risksMEPs’ green light for Paris climate agreement to trigger its entry into forceMEPs put an end to opaque card payment feesEnd of roaming: final hurdle clearedWiFi4EU: New EU scheme for free internet accessData protection reform – Parliament approves new rules fit for the digital eraClimate change: MEPs back plans to help forests remove CO2Online shopping: “geo-blocking” to end in December 2018Corporate governance: MEPs vote to enforce tax transparency.

Go to the Press Service News section to learn more on ongoing and past parliamentary debates and votes.

Legislative votes to watch out for in the next 11 months

UK withdrawal agreement ( Brexit), EU long-term budget (MFF), common asylum rules including a reform of Dublin rules, the copyright reform, drinking water quality,

safer banks in the Banking Union, coordination of social security systems,work-life balance for parents and carers, transparent and predictable working conditions, reform of EU consumer protection rulesenergy efficiency, rule of law votes concerningHungary and Polandaudiovisual media directive update, reform of the Common Agriculture Policy. (Non exhaustive)

In-depth analysis by EP Research: Issues to watch in 2018



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